Vancouver Island Coal Strike began on 16 Sept 1912 when miners at Cumberland declared a "holiday" to protest the firing of Oscar Mottishaw. Canadian Collieries, recent purchaser of the Dunsmuir Mines, locked them out and hired Chinese and recruits from Britain and the US as strikebreakers.
Over the course of the ensuing two-year conflict, a demonstrator died of suffocation at the hands of an officer of the Sûreté du Québec. It was also discovered that the CNTU had been infiltrated years previous by a Canadian Security Intelligence Service agent, who was in fact leading the dispute.
The company originally contracted with existing elevator companies to handle grain delivered by members. In 1926 it purchased the Saskatchewan Co-operative Elevator Company and its 451 elevators and 4 terminals. By 1928-29 the Pool owned 970 elevators and was handling 158 million bushels (57.
Foreign Investment in Canada is both direct (made to manage and control actual enterprises) and portfolio (made only for the interest or dividends paid, or the possible capital gain to be achieved). The amount of both types is very large, with the consequence that a considerable amount of the Canadian economy is controlled by foreigners.
An eerie calm descended on the streets of Winnipeg on the morning of May 15, 1919. The street cars and delivery wagons lay idle. Some 50,000 tradesmen, labourers, city and provincial employees had walked off the job, leaving the city paralyzed. It was North Americas first general strike.