Crops are plant species grown for human or animal consumption or for special purposes (e.g., flax, tobacco). In Canada, most major crops grown are used for food and feed. Use this collection to browse encyclopedic articles on the various crops grown in Canada.
Ornamentals, in horticulture, include both woody and herbaceous plants used primarily as amenities.
Flowers are cultivated by both commercial growers and hobbyists. In Canada, most commercial production is carried out under glass or plastic, with rare exceptions.
Wild rice, a true grass (Zizania aquatica, family Gramineae or Poaceae), grows in marshlands and along waterways from Manitoba to the Atlantic Ocean in southern Canada, and over much of the eastern US.
Forage refers to plants consumed by animals, particularly livestock. Forage may be preserved by drying the plants to produce hay, it may be fermented to produce silage, and dried material is also compressed to produce compacted hay, pellets, and cubes .
Mushroom and Puffball, fleshy, spore-bearing fruitbodies produced by many club fungi (Basidiomycetes) and a few sac fungi (Ascomycetes).
The commercial mushroom, Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Imbach, is the principal mushroom species cultivated in Canada, representing at least 95% of the production.
Mint belongs to the mint family (Lamiaceae, also called Labiatae), a large plant family that also includes several aromatic and ornamental plants like basil, rosemary, oregano, thyme, coleus and sage.
A vegetable is a herbaceous plant of which all or a part is eaten, raw or cooked. Vegetables are a valuable source of protein, vitamins, minerals, trace elements and fibre. All vegetables are high in carbohydrates, which contribute to their unique taste.
Roses have been cultivated from very early times, but little is known of their origin. The hybrid tea rose, the most popular of modern garden roses, was introduced worldwide in 1867.
About a third of the world's estimated 400 000 species of higher or vascular plants have probably been used for medicinal purposes by indigenous societies, generally in a raw or minimally processed form.
Condiment crops produce edible materials used in small amounts to impart flavour to food. These include culinary herbs, spices, and plants from which flavourful chemicals can be extracted.
Prairie farmers, as they cope with continuing drought, might wonder just whose brilliant idea it was to farm the area. Recurrent droughts are the largest source of risk, uncertainty and hardship in the Western Canadian economy.
Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) is an annual (potentially perennial) herbaceous plant of the nightshade family.
Pepper (Capsicum annuum) is a perennial plant, cultivated as an annual and belonging to the nightshade family.
Crops are plant species grown for human or animal consumption or for special purposes (e.g., flax, tobacco). In Canada, most major crops grown are used for food and feed.
See OILSEED CROPS; VEGETABLE; CONDIMENT CROPS.