Ungava Bay, is a large, funnel-shaped bay that deeply indents the northern coast of Québec adjacent to Labrador. At its mouth, about 265 km wide, it opens into Hudson Strait. Leaf Basin at its southwestern extremity is noted for its high tidal range and its swift and dangerous tidal currents.
The Nova Scotia Nautical Institute was an institute for seamanship training founded in 1872. It was common in England and Canada, which followed England in marine matters, to have people called "crammers" to assist mariners to pass their examinations, following apprenticeship on board ship.
The building of a coast-to-coast national recreation trail began in July 1992 as part of Canada's 125th birthday celebrations. When completed, the Trans Canada Trail will wind its way through every province and territory, linking thousands of communities along its 15 000 km route.
The original Dewdney Trail was a 400 km trail route extending from Hope to Galbraith's Ferry on the Kootenay River. The trail was routed and constructed under the supervision of Edgar DEWDNEY, a civil engineer appointed by Frederick Seymour, the governor of the colony of BC, in April 1865.
Vermilion Pass, elev 1651 m, is situated between Boom and Storm mountains on the BC-Alberta border, 42 km W of Banff. It takes its name from the mineral springs of iron oxide located along the VERMILION R, 9 km SW of the pass, where Indians gathered material for war paint and decoration.