Gilbert McMicken, businessman, politician, magistrate, police commissioner (born 13 October 1813 in Glenluce, Wigtonshire, Scotland; died 6 March 1891 in Winnipeg, MB). McMicken was head of the Western Frontier Constabulary, Canada’s first secret service, which was established in 1864 in response to the American Civil War. He was also the first commissioner of the Dominion Police, Canada’s first federal police body and forerunner of the RCMP, which was instituted in 1868 following the assassination of Thomas D’Arcy McGee. McMicken served in municipal government in Niagara, in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada (1858–61) and in the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba.
Pacifique “Pax” Plante, lawyer and police officer (born 15 July 1907 in Montréal, QC; died 9 August 1976 in Guadalajara, Mexico). Plante became famous for his war on organized crime and corruption in Montreal in the 1940s and 1950s, and is especially known for his contribution to the Caron Inquiry on public morality.
Joining the police as a superintendent, he was assistant commissioner 1874-75. He resigned to become a stipendiary magistrate, but returned as commissioner in 1876. He founded Fort Macleod, suppressed the whisky traffic and, having won the confidence of the Blackfoot chiefs, negotiated Treaty 7.
John Wilson Murray, police detective (b at Edinburgh, Scot 25 June 1840; d at Toronto 12 June 1906). Called the "Great Canadian Detective," Murray was a pioneer of scientific crime investigation. He was one of the first to utilize forensic science and information obtained through autopsies.
The Dominion government's advertisement asked for volunteers "able to read and write either the English or French language" with "good antecedents" who were good horsemen. Across the Dominion, young men applied, craving adventure, their imaginations fired by James Fennimore Cooper.
Edward Foster, policeman, fingerprint pioneer (b near Stittsville, Ont 14 Nov 1863; d at Ottawa 21 Jan 1956). Foster joined the DOMINION POLICE as a constable in 1890. While at the St Louis World's Fair in 1904, his interest was awakened in the controversial science of fingerprint identification.
James Walker, policeman, businessman (b at Carluke, Canada W 14 Apr 1848; d at Calgary 31 Mar 1936). He joined the NWMP in 1874 and was given command of the Battleford (Sask) detachment in 1879. While there he served as Indian agent and was the first civilian justice in the North-West Territories.