The 36 men traditionally regarded as the Fathers of Confederation were those who represented British North American colonies at one or more of the conferences that lead to Confederation on 1 July 1867, including the Charlottetown Conference (September 1864), the Québec Conference (October 1864) and the London Conference (1866–67).
Sir John Alexander Macdonald was the dominant creative mind which produced the British North America Act and the union of provinces which became Canada. As the first prime minister of Canada, he oversaw the expansion of the Dominion from sea to sea. His government dominated politics for a half century and set policy goals for future generations of political leaders.
Jean-Baptiste Lagemodière, also spelled as Lagimodière, Lagimonière and Lajimodière, fur trader (b at Trois-Rivières, Qué 26 Dec 1778; d at St-Boniface, Man 7 Sept 1855). Going west as a hunter and trapper about 1800, he returned to Québec in 1806, where he married Marie-Anne Gaboury.
Sir Richard John Cartwright, politician (b at Kingston, Upper Canada 4 Dec 1835; d there 24 Sept 1912), grandson of Richard CARTWRIGHT. The scion of a rich, powerful, conservative and LOYALIST family, he was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, which he attended 1851-56, although he took no degree.
In the early morning of Good Friday, April 17, 1840, a terrific explosion shattered the peaceful atmosphere of the village of Queenston in Upper Canada (now Ontario). Brock's Monument, burial place of General Sir Isaac Brock, the much-revered hero of the War of 1812, was in ruins.
Radiant sunshine bathed the Island of Montreal on the morning of May 18th, 1642. The hawthorns and wild cherry trees were in blossom and the meadow, where a group of French colonists had set up an altar, was dotted with trilliums and violets. Father Vimont celebrated mass, and declared that the new settlement, which they called Ville-Marie, was "only a grain of mustard seed... I have no doubt that this small seed will produce a tall tree that will bring forth wonders some day."