The 36 men traditionally regarded as the Fathers of Confederation were those who represented British North American colonies at one or more of the conferences that lead to Confederation on 1 July 1867, including the Charlottetown Conference (September 1864), the Québec Conference (October 1864) and the London Conference (1866–67).
Sir John Alexander Macdonald was the dominant creative mind which produced the British North America Act and the union of provinces which became Canada. As the first prime minister of Canada, he oversaw the expansion of the Dominion from sea to sea. His government dominated politics for a half century and set policy goals for future generations of political leaders.
Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert Carnarvon, 4th Earl of, politician (b at London, Eng 24 June 1831; d there 28 June 1890). As secretary of state for the colonies 1866-67, Carnarvon supervised the drafting of the BRITISH NORTH AMERICA ACT and steered it through the British Parliament.
Sir Richard John Cartwright, politician (b at Kingston, Upper Canada 4 Dec 1835; d there 24 Sept 1912), grandson of Richard CARTWRIGHT. The scion of a rich, powerful, conservative and LOYALIST family, he was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, which he attended 1851-56, although he took no degree.
Thomas-Jean-Jacques Loranger, politician, judge, political theorist (b at Yamachiche, Qué 2 Feb 1823; d at Ste-Pétronille, Qué 18 Aug 1885). Upon completion of his classical education at the Seminary of Nicolet he studied law and was admitted to the bar in Canada East in 1844.
Samuel Hume Blake, lawyer, judge, social reformer, pamphleteer (b at Toronto 31 Aug 1835; d there 23 Jun 1914), son of William Hume BLAKE, brother of Edward BLAKE, and son-in-law of Bishop Benjamin CRONYN. S.H. Blake attended UPPER CANADA COLLEGE and then briefly entered a Toronto mercantile firm.
Robert Nichol, businessman, politician, militia officer (b at Dumfries, Scot c 1774; d near Queenston, UC 3 May 1824). A successful merchant in Norfolk County, UC, he was elected to the House of Assembly in 1812, 1816 and 1820. During the WAR OF 1812 he served as quartermaster general of militia.