The Association des Frères-Chasseurs was a secret society that aimed to free Canada from British rule. It was founded by Patriote exiles following their defeat in 1837. The association took several cues from the Masons, including a variety of rituals, oaths, hand signs and passwords. Commanded by Dr. Robert Nelson, the association quickly spread throughout the American borderland and Lower Canada. The association played a major role in the second phase of the Canadian rebellion, planning and leading the failed invasion of Lower Canada in November 1838. The Frères-Chasseurs and Hunters’ Lodges were part of the same general association with similar aims, practices and rituals. While one was organized by American sympathizers, the other was organized by Lower Canadian Patriotes.
Louis d'Ailleboust de Coulonge et d'Argentenay, governor of New France 1648-51 (b at Ancy-le-Franc, France 1612?; d at Montréal May 1660). He was a nobleman and military engineer who sailed in 1643 to play a leading role in the newly established Catholic outpost of Ville-Marie (Montréal).