Borden, Sir Frederick William

Sir Frederick William Borden, physician, merchant, politician (b at Upper Canard, NS 14 May 1847; d at Canning, NS 6 Jan 1917). As minister of militia and defence 1896-1911, he reorganized the Canadian Militia. Borden represented King's County as a Liberal 1874-1911, except for 1882-87. A merchant in the carrying trade, Borden also acquired large corporate assets. While he was minister of militia, Canada sent troops to serve in the SOUTH AFRICAN WAR and expanded, reorganized and reformed its militia to create an autonomous, self-contained, decentralized, citizen army capable of contributing to imperial defence.