Mark Douglas Messier, "Moose," hockey player (born 18 January 1961 in Edmonton, AB). A talented forward who played in the National Hockey League (NHL) for 25 seasons, Messier ranks near the top of many regular-season records: third in points (1887), eighth in goals (694), third in assists (1193) and second in number of games played (1756). Known for his leadership, he captained the Edmonton Oilers, New York Rangers and Vancouver Canucks. Messier also won the Hart Trophy as the NHL’s most valuable player with the Oilers in 1990 and with the Rangers in 1992. Messier won six Stanley Cups and received the Conn Smythe Trophy (for most valuable player in the playoffs) in 1984; he is second all-time in playoff goals (109), playoff assists (186) and playoff points (295).
Messier’s Childhood and Early Hockey Career
Mark Messier was the third of four children of Douglas Messier and Mary-Jean Messier (née Dea). Douglas was a professional hockey player who played in Canada, the United States and overseas. Elder son Paul was born in 1958 in Nottingham, England, while Douglas was playing for the Nottingham Panthers of the British National League. The family returned to Canada, and from 1960 to 1969 Douglas played mainly in the Western Hockey League for the Seattle Totems, Edmonton Flyers and Portland Buckaroos.
Mark was born on 18 January 1961 in Edmonton, Alberta (eight days earlier than his future Oilers teammate, Wayne Gretzky, who was born in Brantford, Ontario). After his family moved to Portland, Oregon, Mark started playing hockey in the Portland Amateur Hockey Association. His father Douglas played for the Buckaroos and ran hockey schools in Portland that his sons attended. Like his father and his older brother Paul, Mark loved playing hockey and spent much of his time on the ice, playing street hockey or shooting a ball against the wall. When the family returned to Edmonton, the seven-year-old Messier practiced with ten-year-old Paul’s novice team, and was one of the best players on the ice.
In 1976, at age 15, Mark began playing for the Spruce Grove Mets of the Alberta Junior Hockey League (AJHL); the following season (1977–78), he played with the St. Albert Saints. In those two seasons in the AJHL, Messier recorded a total of 140 points in 111 games. He also became known for his physicality, acquiring 194 penalty minutes in 54 games while playing for the Saints. Mark quickly demonstrated that he was a leader both on and off the ice, addressing his Saints teammates in the locker room before his father (the team coach) made his pre-game speech.
Following his time with the Saints, Mark joined the Portland Winter Hawks for the 1978 Western Canada Hockey League playoffs, making him ineligible to play hockey at the post-secondary level. Mark’s father had discouraged him from playing in the Canadian major junior hockey system for this very reason. Education was important to Douglas, who had played hockey at the University of North Dakota in 1958–59, attended the University of Alberta and earned his Master’s degree in education at the University of Portland while with the Buckaroos. His son Paul went on to play hockey at the University of Denver, and later played nine games in the NHL with the Colorado Rockies. Mark, though, was determined to play Junior A hockey, even if it came at the expense of a place at university. The following season (1978–79), he turned professional at age 17 and played for the Indianapolis Racers and Cincinnati Stingers of the World Hockey Association.
Messier and the Edmonton Oilers
In 1979, Messier was drafted by his hometown Edmonton Oilers. His play was rough and he scored more often with his fists than with his stick, but he emerged as the emotional leader of the talented young Oilers.
Messier quickly blossomed into the game's premier power forward and in 1981–82 scored 50 goals for the quick-skating, high-powered offence of the Oilers, often assisted by Hall of Fame linemate, Glenn Anderson. When Messier moved to centre during the 1983-84 season, he and Wayne Gretzky gave the Oilers the best one-two combination at that position in the league. The Oilers won their first Stanley Cup in 1984, and Messier, the acknowledged emotional and physical leader of the team, proved his value and was awarded the Conn Smythe Trophy as playoff MVP. Three more Cups followed in the next four years before Gretzky was traded to the Los Angeles Kings.
Messier became the Oilers' captain in 1988. After losing to the Kings in the Smythe Division semi-finals in 1988–89, the Oilers rebounded and won the Stanley Cup in 1989–90, their fifth in seven years. During the regular season, Messier recorded a career high 84 assists and 129 points, while in the playoffs he was the co-leader in points, tied with Craig Simpson at 31. He also won the Hart Trophy as the NHL's most valuable player and the Lester B. Pearson Award (now the Ted Lindsay Award) for most valuable player as voted by the National Hockey League Players’ Association.
Messier and the New York Rangers
A contract dispute led to Messier’s trade to the New York Rangers following the 1990–91 season. The Rangers desperately wanted Messier for his leadership skills both on the ice and in the locker room and named him captain for his second game with the team, their home opener. His physical presence inspired improved play from his teammates, and the Rangers immediately became Stanley Cup contenders. The team finished the regular season in first place overall but were upset in the Patrick Division Finals by the Pittsburgh Penguins, the eventual Stanley Cup champions. Messier's play earned him another Hart Trophy that year. In winning the 1992 Hart Trophy, he became the second player in NHL history to win with two different teams (Gretzky had accomplished the feat three seasons earlier with the Kings). Messier also became the first player in NHL history to win the Lester B. Pearson Award (now the Ted Lindsay Award) with two different teams.
After a disappointing 1992–93 season where the Rangers missed the playoffs, the team finished first overall in 1993–94. Messier played much of the season with a wrist injury but rebounded to have another outstanding playoff, scoring a hat trick over the New Jersey Devils to help win a crucial game six in the Eastern Conference Finals. He then scored the Cup-winning goal in the seventh game of a thrilling final against the Vancouver Canucks; the Rangers' 54-year Stanley Cup drought had ended and Messier became the first player to captain two different franchises to a Stanley Cup title.
Messier and the Vancouver Canucks
In the summer of 1997, Messier left New York and signed as a free agent with the Vancouver Canucks, and when the new season began, he resumed his role as team captain. Unable to score at his previous more-than-point-per-game rate, Messier, as captain, was assigned much of the blame for the team's problems. Between 1996 and 2000, the Canucks failed to make the playoffs while game attendance declined.
Return to Rangers and Retirement
The Vancouver Canucks bought out Messier’s contract in 2000 and he returned to the New York Rangers, where he remained for another four years, resuming his role as team captain and continuing to play a significant number of minutes per game, all the while plagued by injury. The 2003-04 season was to be Messier's last. He retired in 2005 following the NHL lockout that cancelled the 2004-05 season. He was 43 when he played his last regular season game, a 4–3 loss to the Buffalo Sabres on 31 March 2004. Messier played the second-highest number of regular season games in the NHL (1756), only 11 games less than Gordie Howe, and the most regular and playoff games (1992).
Messier on Team Canada
Messier was an integral member of three Canada Cup winning teams (1984, 1987 and 1991) and the team that won the silver medal at the 1996 World Cup, which had replaced the Canada Cup. He also helped Team Canada win a silver medal at the 1989 International Ice Hockey Federation World Championship.
Honours and Awards
In 1992, an arena in St. Albert, Alberta, was named after Messier. On 13 November 2006, the NHL created the Mark Messier Leadership Award, which is presented annually to the player “who exemplifies great leadership qualities to his team, on and off the ice during the regular season.” Winners include Jarome Iginla, Sidney Crosby, Shane Doan and Jonathan Toews. That year, Messier’s jersey number (11) was retired by the New York Rangers.
On 27 February 2007, the Mark Messier arena was re-dedicated (as part of a new development) on the same day that the Oilers retired his number. The day before, part of the trail that connects Edmonton and St. Albert was renamed the Mark Messier Trail. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in the same year and into Canada’s Sports Hall of Fame in 2009. He received the Order of Hockey in Canada from Hockey Canada in 2013.
Messier remains close to his family and the hockey world. He owns Runaway Hill Inn on Harbour Island in the Bahamas, which is run by his sister Jen and brother Paul on a rotating basis. He has also done advertising for Cold-fX and Lay’s Potato Chips.
From 2009 to 2013, Messier was special assistant to New York Rangers president and general manager Glen Sather. He then joined the Edmonton Oilers as a special advisor in 2014. During the 2014–15 NHL season, Messier was NHL Hockey Ambassador for Rogers GameCentre LIVE and occasional analyst during Sportsnet’s NHL coverage. On the international scene, Messier coached Canada to a silver medal at the 2010 Spengler Cup in Davos, Switzerland, and was Canada’s general manager at the 2010 World Hockey Championship in Germany (Canada lost in the quarterfinals).
Messier’s Charitable Activities
Messier is involved in charitable work in Canada and the United States. He has helped raise over $1 million for the Hackensack University Medical Center in New Jersey, and ran the New York City Marathon in 2011 to raise money for the Tomorrows Children’s Fund and the New York Police & Fire Widows’ & Children’s Benefit Fund. Messier has also hosted fundraisers for charities, including the Kinsmen Club of Edmonton’s The Legends Experience. In addition, he and sister Mary-Kay, vice-president of marketing at Bauer Hockey, have been involved in The First Shift, a six-week hockey program that provides Canadian children with equipment and coaching at a reasonable cost.
Jeff Z. Klein, Messier (2003).
Roy MacGregor, The Home Team: Fathers, Sons and Hockey (1995).