Joseph Jean Guy Sylvestre

Joseph Jean Guy Sylvestre, writer, essayist, literary critic, interpreter, and librarian (born at Sorel, Qué 17 May 1918; died at Ottawa, 26 Sept 2010). He earned a B.A. (1939) and M.A. (1942) from the University of Ottawa. After studies at Collège Sainte-Marie de Montréal and the U of Ottawa, he became literary critic for Le Droit (1940-1948). He was a translator for the national senate and the Wartime Information Board prior to becoming the private secretary to the Honorable Louis ST. LAURENT (1945-50). In 1967 he became Canada's second National Librarian as the director of the National Library of Canada (1967-83).

He was a member of the Académie canadienne-française (1954) and president of the Royal Society (1973-74). He received honorary doctorates from several universities including a Doctor of Literature from Mount Allison University (1970) and Doctor of Laws from Memorial University.

Sylvestre was the founder and director of the magazine Gants du ciel (1943-56) and the author of numerous articles and several books including Situation de la poésie canadienne (1941), Poètes catholiques de la France contemporaine (1943), Sondages (1957) and Amours Délices et Orgues (1953, under the pseudonym Jean Bruneau). He was best known for his Anthologie de la poésie canadienne-française, which went through seven editions between 1942 and 1974. In 1982, Sylvestre was inducted as an Officer in the Order of Canada.