Palliser, Hugh

Hugh Palliser, naval officer, governor of Newfoundland (b at Kirk Deighton, Eng 26 Feb 1722/ 23; d at Chalfont St Giles, Eng 19 Mar 1796). He was a naval officer at the siege of Québec in 1759, and was appointed governor of Newfoundland 1764. He travelled widely within his jurisdiction policing the French fishery to confine it to the limits set by the Treaty of PARIS, 1763. Palliser's concern was for the English migratory fishery only, but his attempts to discourage settlement failed. Assisted by Moravian missionaries, he was the first official to establish relations with the LABRADOR INUIT and Native People, and he also encouraged Captain James COOK in his hydrographic survey 1763-67.