Minto, Gilbert John Murray Kynynmond Elliot, 4th Earl of

 Gilbert John Murray Kynynmond Elliot, 4th Earl of Minto, soldier, governor general of Canada 1898-1904, viceroy of India 1905-10 (b at London, Eng 9 July 1845; d at Minto Castle, near Hawick, Scot 1 May 1914). Lord Melgund (his title before succeeding to the earldom) served as military secretary to Governor General Marquess of LANSDOWNE, 1883-85, and as F.D. MIDDLETON's chief of staff during the NORTH-WEST REBELLION. In 1898 he became governor general; his term was marked by controversy and political strife. He was inexperienced in government, distrustful of politicians and determined to play an active part in Canadian public life, and his criticism of his government's handling of the SOUTH AFRICAN WAR crisis, his interest in reforming the Canadian Militia and his support for Joseph Chamberlain's imperial preference campaign all caused tension. More positively, he attempted to forge closer ties between French and English Canadians, to preserve the written and material record of Canada's past, to promote sports (the Minto Cup in lacrosse) and to protect Canada's northern miners and native peoples from the neglect and mismanagement of government.