The Metropolitan Toronto Zoo opened its doors to the public. Built for a reported $22 million (plus $6 million for animals), the zoo was one of the first to ditch traditional cages in favour of a zoogeographic approach in which animals are displayed based on their natural habitat. The Toronto Zoo is owned by its namesake city and houses 484 species, including invertebrates and fish and Humphrey, an insanely cute polar bear cub.
1905Birth of E.K. Brown
Professor Edward Killoran Brown, a key figure in early Canadian literary criticism, was born at Toronto.
1925Birth of Oscar Peterson
Jazz pianist and composer Oscar Peterson, whose numerous awards include a Grammy for Lifetime Achievement, was born at Montréal.
1866University of Ottawa Formed
The College of Ottawa became the University of Ottawa.
1917Storming of Hill 70
The attack on Hill 70 was the first major action fought by the Canadian Corps under a Canadian commander, Lieutenant-General Sir Arthur Currie. It was successful and the Canadians withstood a German counterattack.
Michael Cowpland resigned from Corel, the company he founded in 1985, to work with new companies developing programs to run on the Linux operating system. He remained the primary shareholder of Corel.
1971First Banff Festival
The first Banff Festival of the Arts was held.
1984Federal Election Debate on Women's Issues
The first and only televised federal debate on women’s issues took place in Toronto, where an estimated 2,000 women lined up outside the Royal York Hotel to gain entry. The debate was organized by the National Action Committee on the Status of Women and included the leaders of the three major political parties.
1875Birth of Robert A. Bartlett
Renowned Arctic explorer Robert A. Bartlett was born in Brigus, Newfoundland. Bartlett accompanied explorer Robert Peary on three journeys to find the North Pole. In 1913 he captained the doomed Karluk for the Canadian Arctic Expedition. Bartlett’s quick thinking during the Karluk’s sinking saved his crew and the ship’s supplies.
1910Vancouver Exhibition Opens
The Vancouver Exhibition (now Pacific National Exhibition) opened to the public for the first time. PM Wilfrid Laurier presided over the official opening on August 16.
1812Withdrawal from Fort Dearborn
After withdrawing from Fort Dearborn (Illinois) the American garrison was ambushed by a force of mainly Potawatomi warriors, and the entire garrison was either killed or captured.
2015Record Medal Total at Parapan American Games
Team Canada won a record 168 medals at the Parapan American Games in Toronto, with 50 gold, 63 silver and 55 bronze medals earned between 7 and 15 August 2015. Canada placed second overall, behind Brazil. It was the first time the Parapan Am Games were televised live in Canada. According to the Ontario government, they were also the largest and most accessible Games in Parapan Am history.
1884Flag of Acadia adopted
In 1884, Miscouche hosted the historic second Convention nationale acadienne (National Acadian Convention), during the course of which delegates adopted all the national symbols Acadians use today: the flag (the French tricolour with a yellow star in the blue stripe), the national anthem (Ave Maris Stella), the motto (“L’Union fait la force” or “Unity makes strength”) and the crest.
1898Semlin Appointed BC's Premier
Charles Augustus Semlin was sworn in as BC's 12th premier.
1814Assault on Fort Erie
After two days of bombardment British troops and First Nations allies, including Six Nations warriors, under Lieutenant-General Gordon Drummond attacked the fort in three prongs. British forces were able to fight their way into the fort but a gunpowder magazine exploded, killing many of the attackers and forcing the others to retreat.
1977Acadian Historical Village Opens
The Acadian Historical Village (Village historique acadien) is an ambitious living history site located on the Rivière-du-Nord near Caraquet, NB, in the heart of the Acadian Peninsula. It presents the rich tangible and intangible cultural heritage of the large Acadian population who settled in this province.
2016Death of Mauril Bélanger
Longtime Liberalmember of Parliament Mauril Bélanger died at age 61 in Ottawa, Ontario, after a battle with ALS (Lou Gehrig’s disease). Greatly respected by colleagues across the political spectrum, Bélanger was a frontrunner for the position of Speaker of the House when he was diagnosed with the debilitating illness in November 2015 and consequently withdrew from the race. The next month, however, he introduced a private member’s bill to make the English lyrics of “O Canada” gender neutral by changing the words “in all thy sons command” to “in all of us command.” Though he did not live to see the bill become law, he significantly advanced its progress in Parliament and left behind a legacy as a tireless fighter for equality.
PM Mackenzie King appointed the Royal Commission on Dominion-Provincial Relations to examine the amendment of the BNA Act, and the relationship of the federal and provincial governments in Confederation.
2013First Totem Pole Erected in Gwaii Haanas in 130 Years
The Gwaii Haanas Legacy Pole, carved by a team of Haida craftsmen led by Jaalen Edenshaw, was erected in Gwaii Haanas National Park Reserve and Haida Heritage Site on Haida Gwaii. The totem pole was the first erected on Gwaii Haanas in 130 years. It marked the site of the 1985 standoff over a proposed clear-cut logging operation that led, eight years later, to the 1993 South Moresby Agreement. That agreement created Gwaii Haanas, an ecological and heritage partnership between the Haida Nation and Parks Canada.