The fortress of Louisbourg surrendered to the English.
Sheila Copps was re-elected to the House of Commons in a by-election and on January 19 regained her assignment as deputy PM.
2000Seagram Merges With Vivendi
Seagram announced that it would merge with France's Vivendi, creating a global media giant to compete with the American company AOL. The merger ended the Bonfmans' control over Seagram.
1902Birth of Anna Hilliard
Physician Anna Hilliard, who helped devise a simplified Pap test and was the driving force in getting Women's College Hospital accepted as a U of T teaching hospital, was born at Morrisburg, Ont.
The Carignan-Salières regiment of 1200 arrived from France to keep peace in Québec. It was the first time the military had played a role in the colonizing mission in New France.
1985Bill C-31, An Act to Amend the <i>Indian Act</i>, Passed
Since the mid-1800s the status of women had been tied to that of their husbands. Therefore, if a Status Indian woman married a non-Status Indian man, she would lose her status and if a non-Status Indian woman married a Status Indian man, she would acquire status. Bill C-31 removed these discriminatory provisions.
Canadian citizen Joseph Stanley Faulder was executed in Huntsville, Texas, the first Canadian executed in the US since 1952.
1958Second Narrows Bridge Collapse
The fourth and fifth spans of the Second Narrows Bridge in Vancouver collapsed as a result of an engineering miscalculation. Eighteen workers were killed.
2014Roméo Dallaire Resigns from the Senate
Romé Dallaire resigned from the Senate, seven years before mandatory retirement, citing his desire to spend more time on post-traumatic stress disorder research, his ongoing struggles with PTSD and frustration with the Senate scandals.
1753Germans Settle Lunenburg
Almost 1500 German settlers arrived at Lunenburg, NS.They built a palisade for defence on the present site of the academy, drew lots and planted some crops.
1930Birth of Rosemary Brown
Rosemary Brown (née Wedderburn), social worker and politician, was born in Kingston, Jamaica. Brown has the distinction of being Canada's first Blackfemale member of a provincial legislature and the first woman to run for leadership of a federal political party.
Artist Paul Kane departed Toronto on a painting expedition of Canada's west.
1852Steamers Bring Freedom Seekers to Canada
By mid-century, Great Lakes steamers regularly transported Blacks to Canada. Underground Railroad agents used scows, sailboats, and steamboats to deliver their precious cargo to Canadian shores. This sustained migration prompted one Toronto Colonist editor to complain on 17 June 1852 that "every boat arriving from the United States seems to carry fugitive slaves."
2016Assisted Dying Bill Passed
The Senate passed a new law allowing physician-assisted dying for terminally ill patients who are suffering and whose death is “reasonably foreseeable.” The creation of the law, which spurred intense debate among Canada’s parliamentarians and senators, was prompted by a 2015 Supreme Court of Canada decision that ended the ban on assisted suicide.