A force of 400 Caughnawaga and Mohawk warriors from both Upper and Lower Canada, with British regulars in support, forced the surrender of nearly 500 advancing American soldiers at what is now Thorold, Ontario. The battle was the largest Aboriginal victory without significant non-Aboriginal involvement.
1968St-Jean-Baptiste Day Riots
During St-Jean-Baptiste Day riots in Montréal, 290 people were arrested and 130 injured. Prime Minister Trudeau was showered with rocks and bottles in the reviewing stand.
1897Cabinet Government in NWT
Full Cabinet government was established in the North-West Territories, and F.W. Haultain formed its first government.
1996Québec City Riot
An estimated 2000 people rioted in Québec City after a rock concert, looting shops and damaging the National Assembly building.
1963Birth of Barbara Underhill
Figure skater Barbara Underhill, a world gold medallist with skating partner Paul Martini, was born at Pembroke, Ont.
O Canada, composed by Calixa Lavallée, was first performed at a banquet attended by the governor general, the Marquis of Lorne.
1615First Mass in New France
Father Denis Jamet performed the first mass ever celebrated in New France on the Île de Montréal.
1943BC Commits to Link with Alaska Highway
BC premier John Hart announced that the government had allocated $6 million to link
Prince George with the Alaska Highway.
1497John Cabot Claims Atlantic Coast
John Cabot landed on the Atlantic coast of North America, claiming it for England. Cabot's discovery led to England's interest in what is now Atlantic Canada, especially the fishery.
1837Smallpox Hits Prairies
An American Fur Company boat arrived at Fort Union, setting off a smallpox epidemic across the praries, killing an estimated three-quarters of the Blackfoot, Blood, Peigan, Sarcee and Assiniboine peoples of the prairies.
1974No Extradition for FLQ
Prime Minister Trudeau declared that Canada would not seek the extradition of the FLQ members who had fled to Cuba and then France.
1909International Council of Women Holds Toronto Meeting
The International Council of Women held its meeting in Toronto. Thousands of delegates arrived from across Canada, Europe, Australia and India. Women’s advocate Lady Aberdeen chaired the proceedings. At the conference, the Council passed a resolution that called for women’s suffrage in every country with a representative government.
2010Conrad Black Fraud Convictions Overturned
Due to a legal error, the US Supreme Court overturned a ruling that upheld Conrad Black's three fraud convictions, leaving an appeals court to decide whether his original fraud charges should stand. In October 2010, two of the fraud charges were overturned, while convictions on one count of fraud and obstruction of justice were upheld. Black had been accused of illegally profiting from the sale of Hollinger International.
2009Death of Roméo A. LeBlanc
A fluently bilingual Acadian, LeBlanc was selected by PM Jean Chrétien in 1994 to succeed Ray Hnatyshyn as Governor General of Canada. Roméo LeBlanc was the first Maritimer and first Canadian of Acadian descent to hold the vice-regal office.
1792Simcoe Arrives in Upper Canada
John Graves Simcoe arrived in Upper Canada. He reached Kingston July 1 and took office July 8.
The St-Jean-Baptiste Society was founded by journalist Ludger Duvernay, who wanted to stimulate a nationalist spirit among his compatriots and encourage them to defend their linguistic and cultural heritage.
2015Price Makes NHL History With Four Awards
Montréal Canadiens goalie Carey Price received the Hart Trophy (NHL's most valuable player), the Vézina Trophy (NHL's best goalie), and the Ted Lindsay Award (most outstanding player as voted by the players). In April 2015, he won the William M. Jennings Trophy for allowing the fewest goals in regular season play (189), which he shared with Corey Crawford (Chicago Blackhawks). Price is the first goalie in NHL history to win those four awards, and the second Canadiens player to win four NHL awards (the first was Guy Lafleur).
1636First Saint-Jean-Baptiste Celebrations in New France
The earliest record of Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day celebrations in the colony of New France appears in the Jesuit Relations of 1636. The tradition has its origins in pagan Europe with the lighting of bonfires to mark the summer solstice. With the spread of Christianity in the middle ages, the custom became tied to the feast day of Saint John the Baptist (24 June). Saint-Jean-Baptiste celebrations have endured in French Canada, and the day is now officially known as the Fête nationale du Québec (national holiday of Québec).