The 36 men traditionally regarded as the Fathers of Confederation were those who represented British North American colonies at one or more of the conferences that lead to Confederation on 1 July 1867, including the Charlottetown Conference (September 1864), the Québec Conference (October 1864) and the London Conference (1866–67).
Sir John Alexander Macdonald was the dominant creative mind which produced the British North America Act and the union of provinces which became Canada. As the first prime minister of Canada, he oversaw the expansion of the Dominion from sea to sea. His government dominated politics for a half century and set policy goals for future generations of political leaders.
Sir Albert Edward Kemp, businessman, politician (b at Clarenceville, Qué 11 Aug 1858; d at Pigeon Lake, Ont 12 Aug 1929). After establishing himself in business as owner and president of a sheet-metal manufacturing company, Kemp was a Conservative MP for East Toronto, 1900-08 and 1911-21.
D'Alton McCarthy, lawyer, politician (b near Dublin, Ire 10 Oct 1836; d at Toronto 11 May 1898). He came to Canada with his parents in 1847, and was educated in Barrie, Canada West. He was called to the Bar of Upper Canada in 1858, and was elected to Parliament as a Conservative 1876.
Robert Fleming Gourlay, polemicist, reformer (b at Craigrothie, Scot 24 Mar 1778; d at Edinburgh, Scot 1 Aug 1863). A successful farmer and writer who fell into financial difficulties, he came to UPPER CANADA in 1817 to take up land he owned in Dereham Township and to write an immigrant's guide.
Henry Howard Molyneux Herbert Carnarvon, 4th Earl of, politician (b at London, Eng 24 June 1831; d there 28 June 1890). As secretary of state for the colonies 1866-67, Carnarvon supervised the drafting of the BRITISH NORTH AMERICA ACT and steered it through the British Parliament.
Sir Richard John Cartwright, politician (b at Kingston, Upper Canada 4 Dec 1835; d there 24 Sept 1912), grandson of Richard CARTWRIGHT. The scion of a rich, powerful, conservative and LOYALIST family, he was educated at Trinity College, Dublin, which he attended 1851-56, although he took no degree.