Treaty of Paris 1783
Paris (1783), Treaty of, concluded the AMERICAN REVOLUTION.
Paris (1783), Treaty of
Paris (1783), Treaty of, concluded the AMERICAN REVOLUTION. On 20 Sept 1783 Britain acknowledged American independence and recognized a boundary along the centre of the 4 northerly Great Lakes and from Lake of the Woods "due west" to the imagined location of the Mississippi's headwaters, then S along the Mississippi R. This gave the US Niagara, Detroit and Michilimackinac, and valuable lands reserved to Indians by the ROYAL PROCLAMATION OF 1763. The Americans, negotiating through the French comte de Vergennes, obtained fishing rights off Newfoundland and access to the E banks of the Mississippi; in turn they promised restitution and compensation to British LOYALISTS.
The treaty was ineffective. Britain retained its western posts until after JAY'S TREATY (1794), and denied the US free navigation of the St Lawrence. The Americans largely ignored their promises to the Loyalists, many of whom settled in Canada. Nevertheless, Britain soon resumed trade with and investment in the new republic.