St Albans Raid

St Albans Raid, one of several incidents heightening tensions between Great Britain and the US during the AMERICAN CIVIL WAR. On 19 Oct 1864 a party of Confederate agents based in Canada raided the town of St Albans, Vt. After looting the banks they fled back to Canada, where 13 were arrested and held for extradition.

Their release on a technicality by a Montréal police magistrate aroused consternation on both sides of the border. Incidents such as this helped to create tension along the border which led in the British colonies to a climate of fear conducive to CONFEDERATION.