Canadian Colleges of Veterinary Medicine

There are 4 veterinary colleges in Canada. In general, 6 years of training are required to earn a veterinary degree: 2 years of pre-veterinary courses, which may be taken at a number of institutions of higher learning; and 4 years of specialized professional education at one of the veterinary colleges. Veterinary courses include anatomy, biochemistry, embryology, epidemiology, physiology, pharmacology, toxicology, microbiology, immunology, pathology, clinical medicine and surgery.

In 1928 the first woman to graduate from a Canadian veterinary college (Ontario Veterinary College) was E.B. Carpenter from Detroit. Jean Rumney was the first Canadian woman to graduate in 1939, also from the Ontario Veterinary College. Today, women are the majority of the 250-300 graduate students from Canadian veterinary colleges. The colleges carry on research on diseases of food-producing and companion animals, of fish, birds and other wildlife, and on problems in biomedical science.

Ontario Veterinary College (OVC)

The OVC in Guelph is the oldest in Canada. Until 1965 it was affiliated with the University of Toronto and graduates received their degrees from that university. In 1965 OVC became one of the colleges forming the University of Guelph. Until 1963, when the Western College of Veterinary Medicine was founded, OVC was the only veterinary college for English Canada, serving students from all provinces. Most students now come from Ontario, although there are generally a few from Québec. OVC grants Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM), MSc, Phd and DVSc degrees. Postgraduate diploma courses are also given. Enrolment in the DVM course is some 100 students annually. In addition there are some 150 graduate students at any point in time.

Atlantic Veterinary College (AVC)

AVC was established in 1983 at the University of Prince Edward Island in Charlottetown and serves the 4 Atlantic provinces, from which it derives most of its students. The first class of 50 students started in 1986 and graduated in 1990. Degrees obtainable are DVM, MSc and PhD. Postgraduate diplomas are also available. There are approximately 35 students. The study of diseases of aquatic species related to aquaculture constitutes a significant program at AVC in addition to traditional veterinary programs.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Université de Montréal

This veterinary college is located in Saint-Hyacinthe, Qué. Before moving there in 1947, the school was for many years located in Oka, Qué, where it formed part of an agricultural-veterinary educational centre financed by the Québec Department of Agriculture and operated by the Trappists. With the move to Saint-Hyacinthe, it became the direct responsibility of the Québec Department of Agriculture until 1969, when it became a Université de Montréal faculty. Considerable development in staff and facilities has taken place. The only French-language veterinary college in North America, it offers the DVM, MSc and PhD degrees. Postgraduate diploma courses are also given. About 70 undergraduates register yearly and about 50 pursue post-graduate studies.

Western College of Veterinary Medicine (WCVM)

WCVM was established at Saskatoon in 1963 as part of the University of Saskatchewan. The first veterinarians graduated in 1969. The second of the English-speaking veterinary colleges to be established in Canada, it serves the 4 western provinces and the territories. Degrees obtainable are the DVM, MVSc, MSc and PhD. Diploma courses are offered at the postgraduate level. About 70 undergraduates enter each year and between 80 and 100 postgraduate students are registered..