Brampton, Ont, incorporated as a city in 1974, population 523 911 (2011c), 433 806 (2006c). The City of Brampton, located 32 km northwest of Toronto, was established as a crossroads hamlet in the 1830s. It was originally called Buffy's Corners and was renamed for a town in Cumberland, Eng, when it was incorporated as a village in 1853. Economic development was spurred by the arrival of the Grand Trunk Railway in 1858.

Brampton was chosen county seat of Peel County in 1867 and was incorporated as a town in 1873 and then as a city over one hundred years later when the Regional Municipality of Peel was established. The horticultural business was begun in 1860 and remains important today, along with a number of manufacturing industries. Brampton is the birthplace and home of longtime Ontario premier William Davis.