The PARTI QUÉBÉCOIS victory in 1976 provoked an unprecedented mobilisation in the Anglophone community, giving rise to the formation of several pressure groups.
The PARTI QUÉBÉCOIS victory in 1976 provoked an unprecedented mobilisation in the Anglophone community, giving rise to the formation of several pressure groups. The two associations that sprang from this re-organization in Montréal were Participation Quebec and Positive Action, while outside greater Montréal the groups of note were the Townshippers Association in the Eastern Townships, (1979), followed by similar groups in the Outaouais, the Châteauguay Valley, the Gaspé, the Québec City region and Trois-Rivières.
The re-election of the Parti Québécois in 1981 brought into question the effectiveness of the approach of these organizations. In this context, and encouraged by Federal financial support for francophone organizations outside Québec, Alliance Québec took over from Positive Action and Participation Québec in May 1982. Although several regions preferred to retain their local associations while maintaining ties with Alliance Québec, new chapters were formed where no other organizations existed.
From 1982 until the 1995 REFERENDUM, Alliance Québec, armed with increased federal subsidies, dealt with language legislation and the accessibility of schools and medical and social services in English. Successive leaders (E. Moldoff, R. Orr, R. Keaton and M. Hamelin, among them) knew how to work with the Québec administration while maintaining the confidence of regional associations, protective of their own autonomies and specific historical perspectives.
After the near defeat of the federalist option in the 1995 Referendum, long simmering tensions that had existed between radicals and moderates broke out. This crisis resulted in May 1998 in the election of William Johnson as Alliance leader. He held the position for two years, favouring legal protests and confrontations with provincial authorities, an approach brought on by a perspective focussed on the defence of individual liberties. Johnson decided not to run in 2000, and on May 27, Anthony Housefather was elected to preside over a somewhat shaken association. He held the position until 2001, when Brent Tyler assumed the post. Tyler was succeeded by Darryl Gray in 2004, who led the organization until 2005. When federal funding, which amounted to more than 90% of the group's funding, was discontinued in 2005, Alliance Québec essentially became insolvent and ceased its activity.