Between 1925 and 1928, 6673 bison were transported from Wainwright, Alta, to the park. This decision, well intended though it was, brought disease in the form of bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis to the park's bison population. Wood Buffalo provides excellent habitat for a variety of other wildlife such as moose, caribou, wolf and BLACK BEAR. In the wetlands, muskrat, beaver and mink thrive; in the forests, fox, lynx, weasel and red squirrel.
Waterfowl abound in the delta. Over one million ducks, geese and swans pass through on MIGRATION; many remain to nest. The park is famous as the last remaining natural nesting site for WHOOPING CRANES.
The area has been inhabited by humans since the retreat of the glaciers. In recent centuries, nomadic Cree and Chipewyan bands were integral to this ecosystem. Their descendants occupy the park and carry on fishing, hunting and trapping activities, making this the park in Canada with the longest standing tradition of native subsistence use.
Author MAXWELL W. FINKELSTEIN
Links to Other Sites
United Nations World Heritage Sites
Information about locations in Canada that have been designated United Nations World Heritage Sites. From the United Nations website.
Wood Buffalo National Park of Canada
This illustrated Parks Canada website describes the ecology, geography, and history of Wood Buffalo National Park of Canada
Four Directions Teachings
Elders and traditional teachers representing the Blackfoot, Cree, Ojibwe, Mohawk, and Mi’kmaq share teachings about their history and culture. Animated graphics visualize each of the oral teachings. This website also provides biographies of participants, transcripts, and an extensive array of learning resources for students and their teachers. In English with French subtitles.
World's Largest Beaver Dam at Home in Canada's Largest National Park
A photo and description of the world's largest Beaver Dam located in Canada's largest national park. From Parks Canada. Wood Buffalo National Park of Canada
5 of Canada's northern national parks
A selective look at some of Canada's national parks in the North from the CBC.