Bylot and Baffin undertook another expedition to the Northwest, departing March 1616. They sailed north to 77° 45´ - the farthest north reached for the next 236 years - mapped Baffin Bay and discovered LANCASTER SOUND, not recognizing it as the entrance to the Northwest Passage.
Baffin was killed in action against the Portuguese in the Gulf of Oman. He had been asked to make observations on the castle walls but "received a shot from the Castle into his belly, wherewith he gave three leaps, and died immediately." Baffin was the most skilled navigator who observed Canada's Arctic in the 17th century, although his great discovery of Lancaster Sound was soon forgotten.
Author JAMES MARSH
Links to Other Sites
Exploration of the Northwest Passage
An overview of European expeditions to Canada’s northern Arctic region from the 16th to the early 20th centuries. Brief bios, illustrations, maps, and other reference material. An Industry Canada website.
Major Northwest Passage Exeditions and Explorers
This site offers brief accounts of various European expeditions to North America in search of the Northwest Passage. From the website "Of Maps and Men: In Pursuit of a Northwest Passage," Princeton University.