European war broke out in 1702, with Holland, England and most of the German states aligned against France, Spain, Bavaria, Portugal and Savoy. The conflict spilled over into the N American colonies of France and England, as ACADIA and New England exchanged bloody local raids. French forces destroyed the English settlement at Bonavista, Nfld, in 1704 and captured St John's in 1708. The English gained control of PORT-ROYAL and with it Acadia in 1710, but the following year a British fleet was wrecked in the St Lawrence in an abortive attempt to sail on Québec.
The Treaty of UTRECHT (1713) settled a number of succession disputes between England and France and granted considerable territory to England; France retained Ile St-Jean [PEI] and Ile Royale [Cape Breton], but ceded Acadia and Newfoundland to the English and restored to them the Hudson Bay drainage basin. The treaty is acknowledged as the end of French expansion and the rise of the British Empire.
Author JAMES A. OGILVY
Shawnadithit grew anxious waiting for her uncle, Longnon, to return to camp at the junction of Badger Brook and the Exploits River, deep in the wilds of Newfoundland...