The trust companies had expanded their quasi-banking operations, designed originally to attract savings and term deposits to fund mortgage lending, into complete banking facilities for both individuals and businesses as regulatory changes allowed. In the process they became, in many areas, indistinguishable from the banks at a time when the financial marketplace was expanding and changing rapidly in a very competitive environment. In the 1983 to 1985 period, 6 trust companies failed due to inadequate regulation, bad lending practices and, in 3 cases, criminal acts. The collapse of 6 more trust companies and the bailout of others in the 1991 to 1995 period were largely the result of poor management and major loan losses.
Other companies were unable to adjust to the changing nature of the industry or adequately exploit profitable business niches. The result has been a major consolidation of the industry with fewer surviving small trust companies and all the large ones coming under the ownership of major banks or corporations. In most cases, the trust companies that became subsidiaries of banks or banking type operations transferred their banking operations to parent companies and reverted to their original role of providing mainly trust services. Of the remaining 56 trust companies, 10 are now bank subsidiaries, 8 are life INSURANCE company subsidiaries, 11 are CREDIT UNION subsidiaries and 27 are owned or controlled by corporations.
See also BANKING.
Author ERIC W. DALY Revised: ALIX GRANGER
Links to Other Sites
Canadian Bankers Association
The website for Canadian Bankers Association. Features a list of domestic and international banks operating in Canada, timeline of the banking industry, useful consumer information, a glossary, and related resources. CBA is the main representative body for banks in Canada and is the country’s oldest industry association.
Canadian Depository for Securities Ltd
As Canada's national securities depository, clearing and settlement hub, The Canadian Depository for Securities Limited (CDS®) supports Canada's equity, fixed income and money markets, holding over $2.7 trillion on deposit and handling over 77 million securities trades annually.
Canadian Investment Review
The Canadian Investment Review website offers full text articles about capital markets, investment issues, economic theory and much more. Targeted to academics, institutional investors and industry practitioners.
Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions
The website for OSFI, the primary regulator of banks and other federally incorporated financial institutions in Canada. Check out "About OSFI" for background information about this independent agency of the Government of Canada.