Troupes de la Marine (also known as independent companies of the navy, or colonial regulars), about 80 companies of 100 men each, est Dec 1690 as infantry for France and its colonies. About 30 companies were usually stationed in Canada and up to 20 at LOUISBOURG
. The former gradually developed into the first permanent "Canadian" force. Initially composed entirely of Frenchmen, the companies came to be officered largely by Canadians. In the 18th century they became highly proficient in bush warfare, usually operating in small groups with militia and with friendly Indians in attacks on British forts and settlements. In 1758, during the SEVEN YEARS' WAR
, the Louisbourg companies were taken prisoner by the British with the fall of that fortress. After the CONQUEST
of 1760, many men settled in Canada, and many others repatriated to France went reluctantly.
STUART R.J. SUTHERLAND
Links to Other Sites
Raid on Deerfield
A narrated history of the 1704 Raid on Deerfield and its aftermath from Native and European perspectives. Also features fascinating stories about Native societies, cultures, trade practices, and traditions. This multimedia website is from the Memorial Hall Museum in Deerfield, Massachusetts.