In 1919 political tensions within the TLC reached crisis level, and socialist and industrial unionists bolted to form the ONE BIG UNION. After the defeats suffered by industrial unionists during the massive 1919 strike wave, the TLC re-emerged as the major central body. Its next challenge came with the renewed drive for industrial unionism led by the WORKERS UNITY LEAGUE and later by the Committee for Industrial Organization (founded 1935; became Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1938). Again splits in the US between AFL and CIO supporters led to a reluctant 1939 expulsion of Canadian industrial unionists from the TLC. The renegades founded the CANADIAN CONGRESS OF LABOUR in 1940. Rapid growth of industrial unionism during and immediately after WWII left the CCL as the major labour power.
After a hysterical witch-hunt against communists in both labour centrals in the late 1940s and early 1950s and the merger of the AFL and the CIO in the US in 1955 (see AFL-CIO), the CCL and the TLC united in 1956 to create the CANADIAN LABOUR CONGRESS.
Author GREGORY S. KEALEY
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Labour Protest and Organization in Nineteenth-Century Canada, 1820-1890
This article provides detailed information about the history of the labour movement in Canada. From the journal "Labour."