Approximately 44 tern species occur worldwide, most in the Pacific Ocean. In Canada 15 species occur, 6 as breeders. Arctic (Sterna paradisaea) and common (S. hirundo) terns have the largest breeding ranges: arctic, Atlantic provinces north across subarctic and arctic Canada; common, in all provinces except BC. The Black tern (Chlidonias niger) breeds east of central BC across to southern Québec and New Brunswick; Forster's tern (S. forsteri) breeds across the prairies and on the most southern tip of Ontario; and the Roseate tern (S. dougallii) breeds only in southern Nova Scotia and on the Îles de la Madeleine. The Caspian tern (S. caspia) has 3 major breeding populations: Great Slave Lake and Liard River; most of central Saskatchewan and Manitoba, and southeastern Manitoba; and southern Ontario.
Author D.V. WESELOH
Links to Other Sites
All About Birds
Search this online bird identification guide for information on specific bird species found in North America. Click on the dynamic map of eBird sightings for a magnified view. From the Cornell Lab of Ornithology in the US.
Canadian Biodiversity Website
A great information source for all budding biologists. Learn about biodiversity theory, natural history, and conservation issues. From McGill’s Redpath Museum.
Hinterland Who's Who
Check out the extensive "Hinterland Who's Who" website for illustrated "Species Fact Sheets" about mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and insects found in Canada. Also covers related conservation and biodiversity issues and includes related multimedia and educational resources. From the Canadian Wildlife Service and the Canadian Wildlife Federation.