Privately the Canadian government was angry at an action which split the COMMONWEALTH and alienated the US. Publicly the Canadian role was that of conciliator. L.B. PEARSON, secretary of state for external affairs, and his colleagues at the UNITED NATIONS won overwhelming General Assembly support November 4 for an international force "to secure and supervise the cessation of hostilities." Canadian General E.L.M. BURNS was immediately named commander of the UN Emergency Force (UNEF). The British and French, however, ignored the UN resolution and landed paratroopers in the Canal Zone late on November 4. Under pressure, largely American, placed on British PM Sir Anthony Eden, a cease-fire was achieved November 6. Pearson fought successfully to have Canadian soldiers included in UNEF; advance units of the force arrived in mid-November. Although Pearson was awarded the 1957 Nobel Peace Prize for his peacemaking efforts at the UN, there were many in Britain and Canada who were dismayed by Ottawa's apparent lack of support for Britain. Such sentiment was probably a factor in the Liberal government's defeat in the general election of 1957.
See also PEACEKEEPING.
Author NORMAN HILLMER
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