The site was chosen for its central position, good anchorage and ease of defence. However, the winter was cruel; there was no fresh water or firewood on the island. Of the 80 colonists, 36 died of SCURVY. The next summer the houses were dismantled and moved to PORT-ROYAL, a more salubrious spot across the Bay of FUNDY. The river was to serve as part of the boundary between British territory and the US, but its location was in dispute until an excavation found the remains of de Monts's camp and conclusively identified the river (1797).
Author JAMES MARSH
Links to Other Sites
New Brunswick: Our Stories, Our People
Explore the history of New Brunswick in this extensive online multimedia exhibit. Features an interactive timeline, glossary, illustrations, maps, and more. From the Virtual Museum of Canada and the Government of New Brunswick.
Indepth: Champlain Anniversary
This CBC site chronicles Samuel de Champlain's adventures in North America during the early part of the 17th century.
Saint Croix Island International Historic Site
Learn about Saint Croix Island and the remarkable story of the early French settlements in North America. Includes maps and other historic documents. From Parks Canada.
Shawnadithit grew anxious waiting for her uncle, Longnon, to return to camp at the junction of Badger Brook and the Exploits River, deep in the wilds of Newfoundland...