Flowers, mostly small, commonly white or yellow, are borne as terminal clusters on hairy stalks. Plants form tufted, spreading cushions, frequently giving striking patches of colour. S. oppositifolia (purple mountain saxifrage), forming low mats covered by cup-shaped, rosy-purple flowers, is among northernmost growing plants (found on Ellesmere Island). It was adopted as NUNAVUT's floral emblem in 2000. Other well-known Canadian members of the family include the genera Ribes (currants and gooseberries), Philadelphus (mock orange), Mitella (mitrewort or bishop's cap) and Tiarella (false mitrewort or foam flower). Introduced plants include Bergenia (elephant ear) with deep pink flowers.
Author PATRICK SEYMOUR
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