In 1869 Bell was employed full time by the survey, and began a series of northern and western explorations, mapping rivers draining into HUDSON BAY and reconnoitering the route for a transcontinental railway. A GSC assistant director 1877, charter member of the ROYAL SOCIETY OF CANADA (1882) and an MD (McGill) by 1878, Bell in 1884-85 was medical and science officer aboard 2 government expeditions to explore HUDSON STR. He called Hudson Bay "the Mediterranean of N America" and advocated its utilization as a natural highway between Western Canada and Europe.
Despite many honours and his remarkable exploration of many areas of geology, zoology, ethnology, botany and forestry over a vast and previously unknown terrain, Bell never realized his ambition to become GSC director,
Author SUZANNE ZELLER