A promo for CTV's coverage of the 2012 Olympic Games in London as part of their "I Believe campaign, narrated by Ellen Page. From You Tube.
The revival of the Olympian Games in modern times was the obsession of French educator and thinker Pierre de Coubertin, who saw them as a means to promote peace. The first modern Games were held in Athens in 1896. They were on a modest scale, with about 250 athletes from 14 countries. There were 43 events in 9 different sports. In contrast, the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, included more than 10 000 athletes from more than 190 countries competing in 271 events in 29 different sports.
In many countries, athletes qualify for the Olympics by winning or finishing well in selection trials. An athlete must be a citizen of a country in order to represent that country. For many years, only amateur athletes competed in the Games, but professional athletes are now eligible to compete in most Olympic sports. Exceptions still include baseball and boxing. In most Olympic sports, a nation may enter as many as three competitors in each event as long as the athletes meet a minimum standard set by the international governing body of that sport. National teams must win or place high in qualifying tournaments to make the final competition. The host country is allowed to enter a team in every team event.
The games of 1900 and 1904 attracted little attention. The 1900 Olympics were held as a sideshow to a world's fair in Paris. They included the first competitions involving women, in lawn tennis and golf. The first women gold medalists were British tennis player Charlotte Cooper and American golfer Margaret Abbott. Canada did not send an official team to the Olympic Games, but George ORTON, a Canadian studying in the United States, travelled to Paris with the American team and won a gold medal in the 3000 m steeplechase, a bronze in the 400-m hurdles and finished fifth in the 4000-m steeplechase.
St Louis 1904
Poor attendance also plagued the 1904 Olympics, held as part of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis, Missouri. Canada sent its first official team, which won 4 gold medals in weight toss, golf, lacrosse and soccer as well as silver in rowing. One of Canada's gold medallists that year was Étienne DESMARTEAU, a police officer from Montréal, who was fired from the force for taking a leave of absence to go to the Games. He won gold for the 56-pound weight throw. He died the following year at the age of 28 from typhoid. The Winnipeg Shamrocks captured the gold in lacrosse. George LYON won the gold medal in golf, and a team from Galt, Ont, the gold in soccer.
Two years after the 1904 Games, Intermediary Games were held in Athens to try to preserve the historic ties between Greece and the Games. William Sherring, one of only 3 Canadian athletes at the Games, won the gold medal in the marathon. No further Intermediary Games were held and the results of 1904 are not officially recognized.
Canadians returned with 3 gold, 3 silver and 9 bronze medals from the 1908 Games. Robert KERR won gold in the 200-m race, Walter EWING in shooting and the national team won a gold for lacrosse. Canada was expected to win gold in the marathon, with Tom LONGBOAT from the Six Nations Reserve the heavy favourite. Instead, the event turned into one of the most dramatic moments in Olympic history. The marathon began on the lawns of Windsor Castle, meaning the runners would cover a distance of 26 miles, 385 yards. Longboat, who had won the 1906 Toronto marathon and the 1907 Boston marathon in record time, grabbed the lead at the start. After a slow start Longboat moved into second place at the 14-mile mark. But only 5 miles later, he suddenly pulled up lame and was put into a car. Rumors quickly spread that Longboat had been drugged by his handlers so that they could collect on huge gambling sums. Back at the stadium, Italian Dorando Pietri stumbled to the finish line. But the heat got to him as well, as he fell 5 times while trying to finish the race. When American John Hayes appeared in the stadium, it appeared that he would take the gold over the disoriented Pietri. Chief marathon official Jack Andrew, not wanting to see an American cross the line first, bolted from the stands and dragged the Italian runner across the line. The illegal victory was short lived as the Americans protested and Hayes was awarded the gold medal.
Canada sent a small team of 36 athletes to Stockholm. George GOULDING won gold in the 10 000 m walk while George HODGSON was a double gold medalist in swimming (400 m and 1500 m) - Canada's first double gold medalist at the Olympics. Hodgson would go on to break 3 world records in the pool. Calvin Bricker and Duncan Gillis won silver in Athletics while William Happeny, Frank Lukeman and Everard Butler brought home bronze medals in Athletics and Rowing. The Stockholm games are best remembered for the feats of the young native American Jim Thorpe. He won the pentathlon and the very next day, while most of his competitors were recovering, Thorpe went out and competed in the decathlon, easily winning the gold medal. A year after his accomplishments, it was revealed that Thorpe had received $60 a month playing baseball. This went against the Olympic amateur code and Thorpe was asked to return his gold medals. The IOC belatedly returned the medals.
World War I forced the cancellation of the 1916 games, planned for Berlin, Germany. Four years later, sympathy for Belgium, which had been devastated by the German invasion during the war, persuaded the IOC to award the 1920 games to Antwerp. In 1920 Finnish runner Paavo Nurmi, nicknamed the Flying Finn, won 3 of his 9 career Olympic gold medals, with victories in the 10 000-meter race, the individual cross-country race, and the team cross-country race.
Since many of the Games participants were Allied soldiers, Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary and Turkey were not invited to participate in order to prevent animosity. Saskatchewan's Earl Thompson won the gold medal in the 110-m hurdles in a world-record time for Canada. Canada's other gold medal was collected by boxer Albert Schneider. Ice hockey made its debut at these summer games. The Winnipeg Falcons represented Canada and defeated Sweden 12-1 to win the title.
At the 1924 games in Paris, Nurmi and American swimmer Johnny Weissmuller were the outstanding athletes. Nurmi's major victories included wins in the 1500-meter and 5000-meter races. Weissmuller won the 100-meter and 400-meter freestyle races and was a member of the winning 4 × 200-meter freestyle relay team. This Olympics provided the story behind the movie Chariots of Fire, based on the feats of British sprint champions Harold Abrahams and Eric Liddell. Canada did not win a gold medal at these games. However, the EDMONTON GRADS won an "unofficial" championships in women's basketball (as they did also in 1928, 1932 and 1936) when it was an auxiliary event.
Los Angeles 1932
The IOC decided in 1930 to continue its experiment with women's sports in the Olympics. Because of this decision, Babe Didrikson of the US became the most celebrated athlete of the 1932 games in Los Angeles. She won the 80-meter hurdles race and the javelin event, establishing new world records in both events, and finished second in the high jump event.
Despite the problems Canadian athletes had getting to the games, owing to a lack of funds, Canada equaled its medal results from the 1924 Games with 15. Phil Edwards won 3 bronze medals in track. Alex Wilson won a silver and two bronze, in track. Duncan MCNAUGHTON won gold in the high-jump competition and Horace GWYNNE a gold in boxing
These games were supposed to be a showcase for Hitler's Third Reich but the most dramatic story of the Berlin games was Black American athlete Jesse Owens, who won 4 gold medals. Canadian Philip Edwards captured a bronze medal in the 800-m race - his fifth medal in Olympic competition for Canada. Canada's lone gold came from canoeist Frank AMYOT, who had to pay his own way to Berlin in order to compete after Canadian Olympic officials refused. With Canadian James NAISMITH, the inventor of basketball, in attendance, Canada lost only one basketball game on their way to a silver medal.
The 1940 and 1944 Olympics, scheduled for Tokyo and London, respectively, were cancelled because of World War II (1939-1945). The 1948 games were supposed to have been held in Helsinki but Finland had not yet recovered from the war and the Games were moved to London.
Germany and Japan were not invited to take part in the games and Russia declined. Canadians managed to win just 3 medals, led by Douglas Bennett, who won silver in canoeing while the women's 4 × 100 m relay won bronze and Norman Lane took bronze in canoeing. The 1948 games are remembered for Fanny Blankers-Koen of the Netherlands, the only woman to win 4 track-and-field gold medals in one Olympics.
The Finnish capital finally played host to the Games after having to decline them in 1948. The most significant addition to the competing nations was the Soviet Union, which in previous years had disdained the Games as a capitalist showcase. The Soviet team encountered great success, and Americans were shocked that until the last day of competition, Soviet athletes had won more medals than American athletes.
Despite sending its largest delegation to date to the Olympics, Canadian athletes only managed to win 3 medals. George GENEREUX, a 17-year-old high school student, captured gold in shooting. Canada's rowing shells were severely damaged in a ship's storeroom on the way over to Finland. Rowers eventually had to borrow boats from Sweden, but failed to win medals.
Soviet and American teams continued their success, finishing first and second in the unofficial tally of national medals. The Australian team, led by swimmers Murray Rose and Dawn Fraser, and runners Betty Cuthbert and Shirley Strickland, won a total of 13 gold medals to finish third in the national medal standings.
Frank Reid's UBC rowers highlighted the games for Canada. The men's fours swept through their preliminary heats. They found themselves in last place to start the Olympic final but at the halfway mark, pulled even with their competitors, eventually winning by 5 lengths. The Canadian eights crew finished second to the Americans. Canadian Gerald OUELLETT, who won gold in sharp-shooting, appeared to have set a world record with a perfect score of 600 in the final. But it was later discovered that the distance at which he shot was set at imperial, not metric distance. The Melbourne games were also responsible for setting another precedent. A suggestion by a young Australian schoolboy of Chinese descent was adopted by the IOC in 1956 - that all athletes would march freely in the closing ceremonies.
In the 1960s African runners, such as Wilson Kiprigut of Kenya and Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia, achieved Olympic prominence, while athletes from Eastern Europe dominated gymnastics and weightlifting events.
For the first time ever, television rights were granted and millions of people were able to watch the Olympic Games on 100 television networks around the world. Unfortunately, Canada suffered its poorest medal performance at the Olympics, winning just a silver medal in rowing courtesy the men's eight with cox. The closest Canada came to winning a second medal was in the men's 4 × 100 medley swim relay, in which the Canadians finished fourth.
Following an aborted attempt to stage the Olympics in 1940, Tokyo became the first Asian city to stage the Games in 1964. The Japanese used the occasion to display their latest technology, using computers for the first time. Records were set in all 18 swimming events with the Americans collecting 16 of 22 gold medals awarded in swimming and diving.
The Canadian team came away with 4 medals including an 800-m silver medal by Bill Crothers and Harry Jerome's bronze medal performance in the 100-m sprint event. Roger Jackson and George Hungerford emerged with Canada's only gold of the 1964 games. The medal ceremonies for Jackson and Hungerford were accompanied by "O Canada" for the first time, though the flag raised was still the Red Ensign.
The 1968 Summer Games were held in Mexico City during a period of political turmoil throughout the world. The most controversial episode took place during the medal ceremony for the men's 200-m dash. The gold and bronze medals were won by African American sprinters Tommie Smith and John Carlos. To protest racism in the United States, both athletes raised clenched fists in a "black power" salute during the playing of the US national anthem.
Mexico City's high altitude was disastrous for athletes in long-distance races and other endurance events, but it contributed to world records in many other contests. The most famous record was 29 feet 21/2 inches (8.90 meters) in the long jump, set by Bob Beamon of the United States. That world record lasted a remarkable 23 years.
Swimmer Elaine TANNER captured 3 medals for Canada - two silver in the 100 m and 200 m backstroke and a bronze as part of the 4 × 100 m freestyle relay. Canada's sole gold medal came from Jim ELDER, Jim DAY and Tom GAYFORD in the equestrian event.
Tragedy struck the Munich Olympics when Palestinian terrorists murdered 9 Israeli athletes. Five terrorists and 1 policeman also died. The athletic stars were Soviet gymnast Olga Korbut with 3 gold medals and American swimmer Mark Spitz with 7. Canadian athletes failed to win gold but managed two silver and 5 bronze.
The 1976 Summer Games, held in Montreal were hit by a boycott led by Tanzania. More than 20 African nations and 2 other countries refused to compete. The boycotting nations demanded that New Zealand be banned from competition because a New Zealand rugby team had toured South Africa. The IOC refused, saying that it had no control over rugby, which is not an Olympic sport. Nadia Comaneci of Romania won the women's all-around gymnastics title, and in the uneven-bars event she earned the first perfect score of 10.00 in Olympic gymnastics competition. The most outstanding performance at the 1976 games came from the East German women's swimming team, now known to have taken performance drugs, which won 11 of 13 races.
Though Canada failed to win gold on its home ground, the 11 medals, including 5 silvers, won by Canadian athletes more than doubled the total of the previous two Olympic games. Swimmer Nancy GARAPICK became the only double medallist for Canada, winning bronze in the 100-m and 200-m backstroke.
The US government boycotted the 1980 Games to protest the Soviet Union's invasion of Afghanistan. Canada joined the boycott to the disappointment of 211 Canadian athletes. With 62 nations boycotting, the Soviet team collected 80 gold medals, 69 silver medals, and 46 bronze medals. The great Cuban boxer Teófilo Stevenson won his third consecutive Olympic gold medal in the heavyweight class.
Los Angeles 1984
The Soviet Union, in retaliation for the American boycott four years ago, elected not to send a team to the United States. Thirteen Soviet bloc nations also joined in the boycott. The American team claimed 83 gold medals, 61 silver medals, and 30 bronze medals. American Carl Lewis, who won 4 events (100-m, 200-m, 4 × 100-m relay, and long jump), emerged as the greatest track-and-field athlete of his time.
Canada was also a beneficiary of the boycott, winning an unprecedented 44 medals, including a record 10 gold. The water produced 6 medals in canoeing, 6 in rowing, 3 in yachting, a gold in diving and 10 in swimming including 4 gold. Alex BAUMANN set two world records on his way to winning gold medals in the 200-m individual medley and the 400-m individual medley. Victor DAVIS also set a world record in winning gold in the 200-m breaststroke. Anne OTTENBRITE took gold in the women's 200-m breaststroke while Sylvie BERNIER won gold in the springboard diving event. Lori FUNG won the first gold medal in rhythmic gymnastics while Larry CAIN and the team of Alwyn MORRIS and Hugh FISHER won gold medals in canoeing. The men's rowing eights took gold and Linda THOM won gold for match pistols.
The 1988 games in Seoul, South Korea, were dominated by the scandal of Ben JOHNSON, who tested positive for steroids after winning the 100-m sprint in record time. The issue of drugs hung over the Games as East German swimmers, led by Kristin Otto, won 10 of the 15 events for women and American track-and-field athlete Florence Griffith Joyner dramatically improved her performance to win the 100-m and 200-m races.
Synchronized swimmer Carolyn WALDO won two gold medals in the solo and duet (with Michelle Cameron) events. Lennox LEWIS won a gold medal in boxing. Egerton Marcus took home silver and Ray Downey bronze, also in boxing. The men's relay swimming team led by Victor Davis won silver while the women's team took bronze. Decathlete Dave Steen earned a bronze medal with a brave performance in the final event.
At the 1992 games in Barcelona, no single nation dominated competition, with athletes from many countries winning events. The publicity around the Games focussed on the United States national basketball team, the so-called "Dream Team" which completely dominated its competition.
Canada tallied 18 medals, of which 6 were gold. Four of the gold medals came in rowing: women's pairs, women's fours, women's eights and men's eights. Silken LAUMANN won a bronze in the single sculls only 10 weeks after suffering a terrible accident during training. Synchronized swimmer Sylvie FRECHETTE lost a gold medal on a scoring error but was awarded one after an inquiry was held. Mark TEWKSBURY set an Olympic record in the 100-m backstroke and Mark McKoy won gold in the 110-m hurdles - his last for Canada before taking up Austrian citizenship.
In 1996 the centennial anniversary of the modern Olympic Games was celebrated in Atlanta, Georgia. The games were marred by a bombing in Atlanta's Centennial Olympic Park which left one person dead and more than 100 wounded. In track and field, American Michael Johnson won gold medals in the 200-m and 400-m dashes. However, it was Canadian Donovan BAILEY who triumphed in the 100-m dash, the glory event of track and field. He and teammates Robert Esmie, Glenroy Gilbert and Bruny Surin won gold in the 4 × 100-m relay, beating a favoured American team. Marnie McBean and Kathleen Heddle won gold in the women's double sculls.
Doping scandals resurfaced at the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia. Seven athletes tested positive during competition and dozens were disqualified prior to competing. There was little else that disrupted the games, and with unprecedented ticket sales and television coverage, the XXVIIth Olympics were hailed as the greatest Olympic Games ever held.
Canadian athletes returned home with 14 medals, 8 less than Atlanta in 1996. Still, it was the fourth-best Canadian Olympic performance ever. But most Canadians were again distracted by drug testing, and including the numerous setbacks that turned up fourth- and fifth-place finishes, it was a disappointing showing. Canada did remarkably well in inaugural events: Simon Whitfield won the first-ever Olympic gold medal for triathlon; Karen Cockburn and Mathieu Turgeon won bronze medals in the first Olympic trampoline competition; Dominique Bosshart won a bronze in tae kwon do. Canada's only double medal winner was 3-time Olympian Anne Montminy, who won silver in the 10m synchro diving (another first-time event) and bronze in the women's 10m platform. Nigerian-born freestyle wrestler Daniel Igali won Canada's first-ever gold medal in wrestling. Men's tennis doubles Daniel NESTOR and Sebastien LAREAU upset the number one seed Australians Mark Woodforde and Todd Woodbridge to claim Canada's third gold medal of the games.
Canada's performance at Athens was consistent with previous years, and concerns were voiced again by athletes, coaches and some of the Canadian public that public and private funding sources for athletes was dismal in comparison to other countries, particularly those in the Commonwealth such as Australia. Poor medal performaces in 2000 prompted controversial changes in Canadian Olympic Committee policy prior to 2004, whereby Canada will send fewer athletes to future Games and focus financial resources on those athletes who have the best chance at a medal. As a result, only 200 athletes from Canada competed in Athens, the lowest since the 1980 boycott.
Still, as in other years, Canadian athletes achieved many significant "firsts." Canada won a total of 12 medals: 3 gold, 6 silver and 3 bronze. Kyle SHEWFELT won Canada's men's floor exercises in gymnastics; Lori-Ann MUENZER won the women's track cycling sprint, the first gold medal in cycling for Canada; and Adam VAN KOEVERDEN won Canada's first gold in kayaking in the men's K1 500 m kayak. The silver medallists were: Karen Cockburn in women's trampoline gymnastics; men's four rowing team Cameron Baerg, Jake Wetzel, Thomas Herschmiller and Barney Williams; Tonya Verbeek in women's 55 kg freestyle wrestling; Alexandre Despatie in the men's 3 m springboard diving; Marie-Hélène Prémont in the women's cross country mountain bike; and Ross MacDonald and Mike Wolfs in men's Star sailing. Bronze medal winners include: Blythe Hartley and Emilie Heymans in women's synchronized 10 m platform diving; Koeverden in men's K1 1000 m kayak; and Caroline Brunet in the women's K1 500 m. Wheelchair racer Chantal Petitclerc won gold in the women's 800 m wheelchair, a demonstration event that year.
The 2008 Summer Olympic Games were marked as much by politics as by sports. The IOC came under fire by the media immediately upon announcing its decision to allow China to host the Games. China went to the extreme of promising political liberalization in exchange for the right to host the Olympics. The country's highly-criticized lack of human rights policies and poor environmental record set the stage for an Olympic Games that seemed as likely to offer political demonstrations as athletic competition. Few believed that China would succeed in its attempt to present a more open, forward-thinking persona to the western world. Yet overall, the Games were a success despite several controversies such as replacing a talented -7-year old singer with a prettier little girl who lip-synched during the opening ceremonies, accusations that the Chinese gymnastics team lied about team members' ages, and the banning of Iraq from competing. In all, 205 countries were represented in 28 sports. There were some stunning moments; American swimmer Michael Phelps set a record for the most gold medals--8--won in any Olympics and the Jamaican track team, led by sprinter Usain Bolt, won 6 gold medals in the sprint and hurdles events.
Canadians enjoyed considerable success at Beijing, garnering 18 medals, fulfilling the COC's predicted medal count. Canada's first medals came relatively late in the Games, on day 8, when David Calder and Scott Frandsen won silver in men's pairs rowing and wrestler Carol HUYNH won gold. They were followed by another 6 silvers (David Calder and Scott Frandsen in men's pairs rowing; Simon WHITFIELD in triathlon; Adam VAN KOEVERDEN in kayaking; Emilie Heymans and Alexandre Despatie in diving; the equestrian team in show jumping; Karen Cockburn and Jason Burnett in trampoline), and 6 bronzes (Priscilla Lopes-Schliep in hurdles; Thomas Hall in canoeing; the men's fours rowing team; Tonya Verbeek in wrestling; and Ryan Cochrane in swimming). The surprise winners in 2008 were from the equestrian team, where longtime Olympian Ian MILLAR and his team of Eric LAMAZE, Mac Cone and Jill Henselwood won silver, Canada's first medal in the sport since 1976. Later, Lamaze won the country's first individual equestrian medal (gold) and the second individual show jumping medal in Olympic history. Though kayaker Adam van Koeverden, a gold medalist in 2004 and the opening ceremonies flag bearer at Beijing, was heavily favoured to win gold in both his events he managed only one silver. His loss added fuel to the legend of the "flag bearers' curse," that Canada's flag bearer for the opening ceremonies rarely wins gold.
The COC chose trampolinist Karen Cockburn to carry the flag at the closing ceremonies of the Beijing Olympics. The Olympic torch was then symbolically passed from Beijing to the UK, hosts of the London 2012 Games which were held from 27 July to 12 August.
If politics set the background for the Bejing Olympics, the main concern in the lead up to the 2012 Olympics was the weather, which inspired slightly more hand-wringing than discussion about security and worries about London`s potential for serious traffic jam-ups. As it turned out, London`s notoriously wet weather gave way to clear skies in time for the competitions and, following an expenditure of $1.5 billion for jets, helicopters, surface-to-air missile and snipers, there were no serious security scares. Even the traffic offered no major problems, thanks to a slightly controversial program of special lanes and preferential treatment for games-related vehicles.
The London games offered its share of history-making moments, and a few controversies as well. With approximately 10 500 athletes from 204 countries vying for medals, the biggest newsmaker was again Michael Phelps, who won four golds and two silvers, bringing his career total to 22 medals, 18 of them gold. Runner Usain Bolt from Jamaica also wowed Olympic spectators, finishing off with a record-breaking performance in the 4x100-meter relay and becoming the first man to win gold in the 100 and 200 meters at two Olympic competitions. Among other Olympic stars were Kenya`s David Rudisha who made an impressive showing and set a world record in the 800m, and US gymnast Gabby Douglas, who took gold in the Individual Women`s Gymnastics competition, her second gold medal at the London Games having contributed in a significant way to the American team success.
In addition to impressive athletic performances, London also will be remembered for the growing involvement of female athletes with - for the first time - women`s athletic representation from every participating country, including Saudi Arabia which boasted a 16-year-old judo competitor who became the first female from that country to compete in the Olympics. In fact, London 2012 marked the first time that women outnumbered men on the US team, with the women acquiring the majority of that country`s medals.
Canada repeated its score from Bejing, taking home 18 medals, including one gold. This was won by Rosie MacLenna for women`s gymnastics (trampoline). Canada`s athletes also took home five silver medals (Rowing, men`s eight; Rowing, Women`s Eight; Ryan Cochrane, Swimming, 1500m Men`s Freestyle; Adam van Koeverden, Canoeing, K-1 1000 m; Tonya Verbeek, Wrestling, Women's freestyle 55 kg) and a total of twelve bronze medals (Women's team in synchronized 3 m springboard; Women's team in synchronized 10 m platform; Antoine Valois-Fortier in Judo, Men's 81 kg; Christine Girard, in Weightlifting, Women`s 63 kg; Brent Hayden in Swimming, Men's 100 m freestyle; Cycling, Women's team pursuit; Derek Drouin in High Jump; Mark Oldershaw in Canoeing, C-1 1000 m; Carol Huynh in Wrestling, Women's freestyle 48 kg; Women`s Tournament Soccer; Richard Weinberger in Swimming, 10 km open water; Mark de Jonge in Canoeing, K-1 200 m).
Buried in these bare statistics, there were several stories of courage and valiant effort that made headlines and inspired pride in Canadians. Perhaps most noteworthy of these involved Canada`s Women`s soccer team and their quest for victory over the top-rated US team. In their semi-final match, Canada dominated the field, with team captain Christine Sinclair scoring three goals before a sequence of controversial penalties against Canada allowed the US team to tie up the match in the final minutes of play. The US went on to win the game in overtime and Canada had to be satisfied with a bronze medal, beating the French team in a 1-0 win three days later. The drama captured the imagination of Canadians and soccer followers world-wide, drawing attention to Canada`s excellent women`s team and their exceptionally talented captain, Christine Sinclair, who was recognized for her contribution by being chosen to be Canada`s flag bearer for the closing ceremonies.
Links to Other Sites
Canadian Olympic Team
See profiles of your favourite Canadian Olympic athletes as well as results and reports from previous Olympic Games. Click on "About" for details on the Canadian Olympic School Program and Canadian Olympic Hall of Fame. From the Canadian Olympic Committee.
CBC: London 2012 Olympic Games
The CBC London 2012 Olympic Games website. Features news, videos, and stories about previous games.
The official website for Athletics Canada, the governing body for track and field in Canada. Features profiles of Canadian athletes and news about major track and field events.
International Olympic Committee
A great resource for information about all Olympic sports, events, competitors, and programs. Click on the "Olympic Games" tab at the top of the home page for news about furture games and data from previous events.
The official website of Gymnastics Canada.
Women in Canadian Sport
This series of biographies of outstanding Canadian women athletes is part of the Celebrating Women’s Achievements series from Library and Archives Canada. Also includes teaching guides and references.
CTV's website for the 2012 Olympic Games and the 2012 2012 Paralympic Games. Features news stories, photos, and videos about individual athletes and teams competing in previous games.
La Fédération Internationale de Natation
The FINA website is dedicated to swimming, water polo, diving, synchronized swimming and open water swimming. Everything you want to know about noteworthy swimmers, rankings, regulations and major swimming competitions.
International Association of Athletics Federations
This organization covers track and field, cross-country running, and associated sports. Their very extensive website offers news about recent and upcoming competitions, detailed statistics, regulations, world rankings and feature articles.
World Anti-Doping Agency
Features an overview of the World Anti-Doping Code. The Code ensures that the rules and regulations governing anti-doping are the same across all sports and that athletes face a level playing field when it comes to doping.
The Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women in Sport
CAAWS, in partnership with Sport Canada and other sport’s organizations, works to achieve gender equity in the sport community. A great information source about programs that encourage Canadian women to participate in sports and recreational activities.
Canadian Paralympic Committee (CPC)
All the latest news about CPC athletic programs for people with a disability. Be sure to check out the CPC Hall of Fame.
The website for Triathlon Canada offers news and information about Canada's triatheletes and results from recent competitions. From Triathlon Canada.
Canada's Sports Hall Of Fame
Canada's Sports Hall of Fame promotes Canada's extensive and colourful sport heritage. Check out their website for illustrated biographies of Canadian athletes.
A bilingual glossary of sports terms. From the website for the "Translation Bureau," Government of Canada.
A profile of track and field athlete Hilda Strike, 1932 Olympic medal winner. From the website for the Canada Sports Hall of Fame.
Athletes In History: Elaine Tanner
A brief biography of champion swimmer Elaine Tanner, multiple medal-winner and Officer of the Order of Canada. From the website for the Canadian Association for the Advancement of Women and Sport.
The Relentless Pursuit: Simon Whitfield
The website for Simon Whitfield, the first Olympic Gold triathlete. See his biography and the latest news and videos that document his stellar career and work with charitable organizations.
The official website for Clara Hughes, the only athlete in history to win multiple medals at both a Summer and Winter Olympic Games.
Canada Post: London 2012 Olympic Games
See Canada Post's London 2012 stamp, which celebrates the sport of rowing, one of Canada's most successful sports at the Olympic Games.
Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport
Born out of a landmark merger between the Canadian Centre for Drug-Free Sport and Fair Play Canada, the CCES is founded on the principles of fair play and drug-free sport.
The website for Olympic champion diver Émilie Heymans.
John Wood, 62, captured silver medal in canoeing singles at 1976 Montreal Olympics
An obituary for Canadian Olympic canoeist John Wood. From thestar.com.
While the games always carried a sacred aspect, held on the open plains of Elis, surrounded by magnificent groves of gleaming, silver-grey olive trees, they also displayed that most Greek of contributions to our civilization: individualism...