Micmac occupied "Gwesomkeak" for centuries. Early settlers were LOYALISTS, but many Scots arrived in the early 19th century, followed by the famine Irish.
The town's port function grew after 1827 when the General Mining Association began coal mining at nearby Sydney Mines and built a railway linking the 2 communities. Shipping and shipbuilding also prospered through the mid-19th century. Local firms, such as Archibald and Co, broadened their marine activities to include sealing, deep-sea fishing and international trade.
North Sydney was established as the terminus of a ferry service between Newfoundland and Canada in 1898, a function now maintained by CN Marine (since early 1987, Marine Atlantic). Until the groundfish moratorium was put into place in the 1990s, the community operated fish-processing plants and provided servicing for offshore fishing fleets.
Author L.D. MCCANN
Links to Other Sites
Cape Breton Regional Municipality
The website for the Cape Breton Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia.
Destination Cape Breton
This tourism website for Cape Breton Island features news and information about local historic sites, cultural events, outdoor adventures, and more.
Bras d'Or Lakes Scenic Drive
Explore the many historic communities along the Bras d'Or Lakes Scenic Drive in Nova Scotia.
Atlantic Provinces Chambers of Commerce
The website for the Atlantic Provinces Chambers of Commerce (APCC), formerly the Maritime Board of Trade. Formed in 1896, this organization promotes and supports business and economic development in Atlantic Canada. Click on "Chambers" for links to local Chambers of Commerce.
Nova Scotia: Community Profiles
Search for statistical profiles of communities in the Province of Nova Scotia.
North Sydney: Telecommunications Visions from the Past
An online illustrated exhibit about North Sydney, Nova Scotia, and its role as an early telecommunications centre. From the Virtual Museum of Canada.