Two Scots, William Davidson and John Cort, settled the area in 1765, drawn by the potential of the salmon fishery. They were followed by some LOYALISTS and many Scottish and Irish immigrants.
In 1825 a great fire devastated the Miramichi area and laid waste Newcastle and nearby DOUGLASTOWN. Only 12 of Newcastle's 260 buildings escaped the flames. The fire put an end to the masting industry, but shipbuilding, the fisheries and lumbering became significant industries afterwards, and the latter 2 are still important.
Newcastle is a busy port, exporting wood pulp and wood products. Newcastle was incorporated as a town in 1899 and it retained this status until 1 January 1995 when it, along with Douglastown, CHATHAM and 19 other communities, amalgamated to form the city of Miramichi. The town's most famous "son" was Max AITKEN, later Lord Beaverbrook, who later became the province's greatest benefactor.
Author WILLIAM R. MACKINNON
Links to Other Sites
Folksongs of the Miramichi: Lumber and River Songs from the Miramichi Folk Fest Newcastle, New Brunswick
Listen to audio samples from this recording from the Smithsonian Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage. Produced by Louise Manny.
Atlantic Provinces Chambers of Commerce
The website for the Atlantic Provinces Chambers of Commerce (APCC), formerly the Maritime Board of Trade. Formed in 1896, this organization promotes and supports business and economic development in Atlantic Canada. Click on "Chambers" for links to local Chambers of Commerce.