James McDougall of the NWC was the first non-native to reach the Nechako (1806), called Incha-Khoh ("big river") by the local CARRIER aboriginals. In 1807 Simon FRASER established Fort George (now PRINCE GEORGE) at the Nechako-Fraser confluence. Fur traders in the valley were followed in the late 19th century by prospectors heading for the Omineca and Klondike goldfields, and by workers on the Yukon telegraph line. Homesteaders came to farm in the early 20th century. Today the river valley supports an economy based on farming, forestry and mining. The Nechako and its tributaries are also important salmon-spawning streams. Diversion and regulation of the river for power generation caused the displacement of native and non-native people in the 1950s and adversely affected salmon stocks.
Author ROSEMARY J. FOX
Links to Other Sites
An extensive information source about the geological history, human settlement patterns, earth and water resources, and natural hazards found in locations across the country. Click on the red symbols on the interactive map of Canada to explore aerial landscapes, maps, photos, colourful online posters, and more. A Geoscape Canada website from Natural Resources Canada.