Since their settlement by ACADIANS after the fall of LOUISBOURG and by English lumbermen, later turned shipbuilders, the scenic shores have been the focus of the dual economic life of fishing and forestry. Besides the legendary ATLANTIC SALMON run - the foremost in eastern North America before its devastation by overfishing, pollution and unknown causes - smelt, gaspereau, shad, eel, herring, mackerel and lobsters are exploited. Formerly, extensive log rafts plied the river's waters; now major forest industries at CHATHAM and Newcastle depend on the Miramichi for shipping and effluent disposal.
The spirit and independence of the Miramichi inhabitants are characterized by their survival, sometimes immersed to their necks in river water, of the Great Miramichi Fire (1825) in which 200 people died and almost one-quarter of New Brunswick's forests were burned. The obverse side of this individualism is the salmon poaching notorious along the length of the river.
The name, which may be the oldest recorded name of native origin in Canada, may come from the Montagnais word for "country of the Micmac."
Author KATE KRANCK
Links to Other Sites
Boishébert National Historic Site of Canada
The website for the Boishébert National Historic Site of Canada and Beaubears Island Shipbuilding National Historic Site of Canada, J. Leonard O'Brien Memorial. From Parks Canada.
Doak Historic Site
Information about the Doak Historic Site.
Besides hockey and the maple leaf, there is little as symbolically Canadian as the CBC – the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. It grew out of a developing nation's need to express its identity and find its voice.