During and after WWII Canadians became increasingly aware that although they should not aspire to the privileges and responsibilities of a great power, they and other countries of comparable consequence could not settle for the role of small powers. In the various conferences at which the UNITED NATIONS
was designed, Canada, Australia and medium-sized countries of Europe and Latin America curbed the intentions of the greater powers to dominate all aspects of the UN. In the early postwar years there was a need for middle powers, less directly involved in world economics and politics, to fulfil intermediary UN roles, particularly in conflicts arising from the disengagement of colonial powers in the Middle East, South Asia and Africa. The Scandinavian countries, Canada, Brazil, Yugoslavia and others proved useful in seeking compromises and formulas for agreement, as well as in staffing the PEACEKEEPING
operations required when truces were established. The term "middle" thereby developed a mediatory connotation as well. As the 2 superpowers emerged in a special classification, there is a tendency now to refer to Britain, France, Germany and Japan as middle powers.
JOHN W. HOLMES
Links to Other Sites
The official website of the United Nations.
Canadian Forces College
The Canadian Forces College provides professional military education
for selected members of the Defence Team for the command and control of the Canadian Forces, across the continuum of operations in joint, interagency, multinational and public environments. Check out the "Spotlight on Military News and International Affairs."
Canadian Defence & Foreign Affairs Institute
This organization provides comprehensive policy analysis to promote understanding of Canada’s foreign affairs and aid policies and the state of military preparedness. Numerous online publications are available on their website.
Royal Canadian Military Institute
This Toronto institute focuses on the area of defence studies, particularly on issues related to Canadian military heritage and contemporary Canadian security. Offers many online papers and reports related to military issues.