Louise McKinney, née Crummy, women's rights activist, legislator (b at Frankville, Ont 22 Sept 1868; d at Claresholm, Alta 10 July 1931). McKinney achieved national renown as one of the 5 appellants, the "Famous Five," in the PERSONS CASE
. Her ambition was to become a doctor. She became a teacher instead, leaving that work to organize for the WOMAN'S CHRISTIAN TEMPERANCE UNION
. In 1903 she helped organize its North-West Territories branch, remaining president of its successor, the Alberta and Saskatchewan Union, for 20 years. A Methodist Sunday school teacher, she urged that TEMPERANCE
education be introduced into schools, and she was a strong proponent of women's rights. McKinney brought her convictions to the Alberta legislature, as MLA 1917-21, where she also urged social-welfare measures for immigrants and widows. She, along with Lieutenant Roberta MacAdams of Calgary, was one of the first women to be elected to a Canadian legislature.
Louise McKinney, women's rights activist, legislator
Louise McKinney was one of the appellants in the Persons Case and one of the first women elected to a legislature in Canada (courtesy Glenbow Archives/NA-825-1).
A model of the "Women Are Persons!" statue, honouring the contributions of the Famous 5 (Nellie McClung, Henrietta Muir Edwards, Irene Parlby, Louise McKinney and Emily Murphy). The final sculpture was unveiled on Parliament Hill in 2000 (sculpted by Barbara Paterson, photo by Marc Mennie, courtesy Famous 5 Foundation).
ELIANE LESLAU SILVERMAN
Links to Other Sites
This website honours Louise McKinney and other exemplary Canadian women in federal and provincial politics. Part of the "Celebrating Women's Achievements" series from Library and Archives Canada.
The Famous 5
This website focuses on the Famous 5 and their struggle to advance the legal rights of Canadian women. From the Alberta Online Encyclopedia.
The “Persons” Case
A brief overview of the historic “Persons Case” from the Parliament of Canada website.
Are Women Persons? The “Persons” Case
An online feature about the legal implications of the "Persons" Case. From Library and Archives Canada.
The Famous 5 Foundation
The Famous 5 Foundation honours the Famous 5 and other Canadian women. See their biographies of the "Famous 5" as well as the latest news about programs and events.