Liveyer (also liveyere, livyer, livier, liver), a Newfoundland term applied historically to a permanent resident of Newfoundland or Labrador, one who was not a migratory resident of the coast during the summer fishing season as was the BYE-BOAT
keeper or Labrador stationer. Compared with the island's summer population, the liveyers were small in number throughout the 1600s, fewer than 1 in 6 summer residents remaining year-round. This component expanded during the 18th century so that by 1800 about 90% of the summer population of Newfoundland remained through the winter.
ROBERT D. PITT