The wildlife is diverse. The park's marshes, bogs and shallow lakes support more species of reptiles and amphibians than occur anywhere else in Atlantic Canada, including such rarities as the ribbon snake and Blanding's TURTLE. The woods are home to mammals common to eastern Canada, eg, BLACK BEAR, mink, flying squirrel and red fox.
A pristine 22 km2 stretch of seacoast on Nova Scotia's south shore was added to the park in 1985. The seaside adjunct is home to the endangered piping plover and also features a large resident population of waterfowl and seals.
The area's first inhabitants, the MI'KMAQ, left hundreds of petroglyphs (see PICTOGRAPHS AND PETROGLYPHS) depicting legends and events on the slate outcrops of Kejimkujik Lake. The waterways linking the Atlantic Ocean and the Bay of Fundy provided the Mi'kmaq and French with a major canoe route, and the park is still a canoeist's paradise. Scottish and Irish immigrants settled as early as the 1760s, and wealthy Boston families used the area as a summer retreat in the late 1800s.
In 1993 the park was designated as Canada's first Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network (EMAN) site. Universities, government agencies and international agencies are studying a broad spectrum of ecological topics, including the effects of ACID RAIN, forest BIODIVERSITY, OZONE DEPLETION and habitat fragmentation. Kejimkujik forms part of the core zone of the Southwest Nova BIOSPHERE RESERVE (designated 2001).
Author MAXWELL W. FINKELSTEIN
Links to Other Sites
The website for the Historica-Dominion Institute, parent organization of The Canadian Encyclopedia and the Encyclopedia of Music in Canada. Check out their extensive online feature about the War of 1812, the "Heritage Minutes" video collection, and many other interactive resources concerning Canadian history, culture, and heritage.
Canadian Aboriginal Writing and Arts Challenge
The website for the Canadian Aboriginal Writing and Arts Challenge, which features Canada's largest essay writing competition for Aboriginal youth (ages 14-29) and a companion program for those who prefer to work through painting, drawing and photography. See their guidelines, teacher resources, profiles of winners, and more. From the Historica-Dominion Institute.
Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site of Canada
This illustrated Parks Canada website describes the ecology, geography, and history of Kejimkujik National Park and National Historic Site of Canada
Four Directions Teachings
Elders and traditional teachers representing the Blackfoot, Cree, Ojibwe, Mohawk, and Mi’kmaq share teachings about their history and culture. Animated graphics visualize each of the oral teachings. This website also provides biographies of participants, transcripts, and an extensive array of learning resources for students and their teachers. In English with French subtitles.