Governor George SIMPSON, concerned about the Columbia District, put McLoughlin in charge when he visited it in 1824-25, and McLoughlin was its superintendent for 2 decades. In later years differences arose between McLoughlin and Simpson over how to defeat American trading ships on the coast and how to deal with American immigrants to Oregon.
McLoughlin favoured a chain of forts along the coast; Simpson favoured the use of ships. Simpson wanted the immigrants treated ruthlessly; McLoughlin, the man on the spot and a humanitarian, dealt with them kindly, realizing that an eventual American takeover of the area was inevitable. The 2 finally parted company over the murder of McLoughlin's son at Fort Stikine in 1842. After a prolonged dispute, McLoughlin retired in 1846 and lived the rest of his life at Oregon City. His holdings included flour and sawmills and he engaged in an export trade in lumber and other commodities. He has long been known as "the Father of Oregon."
Author W. KAYE LAMB
Links to Other Sites
A biography of John McLoughlin, physician, fur trader, and merchant. From the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online.