Made commander in chief in North America, he undertook a methodical, cautious advance up Lake Champlain in 1759, which had little effect on French efforts to halt Wolfe's operations and ended abruptly after the fall of Québec City in September. But in 1760 Amherst planned a campaign that saw 3 armies grind down French resistance in converging on Montréal. The capitulation of Montréal on September 8 marked the end of French rule in Canada. Amherst left North America in November 1763 for England, where his handling of the earlier PONTIAC uprising provoked criticism.
Knighted in 1761 and ennobled in 1776, he twice served as commander in chief of the British army before retiring in 1796 as a field marshal. A formal and taciturn man, Amherst made his reputation in North America, and he owed much of his later advancement to this success.
Author STUART SUTHERLAND
Links to Other Sites
Glossary: Battle of the Plains of Abraham
A glossary of terminiology related to the siege of Québec and the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. Check this site for more information on this topic. From the Virtual Museum website "1759: From the Warpath to the Plains of Abraham."