Roberval, delayed by shortage of funds and equipment, set out Apr 1542. By that time Cartier had decided to abandon his settlement at Charlesbourg-Royal [Cap-Rouge, Qué]. The 2 expeditions met in the harbour of St John's, Nfld, going in opposite directions. Roberval, with a party of around 200, reoccupied Cartier's settlement. The ensuing winter was disastrous, the colonists' morale being undermined by climate, disease and internal disputes. After some weeks exploring in the direction of HOCHELAGA [Montréal] during the summer of 1543, the surviving colonists abandoned the colony and returned to France. The expedition's failure ended any immediate prospect of colonization of Canada and brought Roberval financial ruin. He was killed with other Protestants in a Paris street affray at the start of the French Wars of Religion.
Author JOHN G. REID
H.P. Biggar, ed, A Collection of Documents Relating to Jacques Cartier and the Sieur de Roberval (1930); Marcel Trudel, Histoire de la Nouvelle-France: Les vaines tentatives, 1524-1603 (1963).