Wolfe's assault on the strong MONTMORENCY position of July 31 was a bloody failure, and neither the bombardment of Québec nor the destruction of neighbouring settlements had any real effect. He was ravaged by illness, and his relations with 3 senior officers, Robert MONCKTON, George TOWNSHEND and James MURRAY, and with the navy were marked by sharp disagreements. But when in August his subordinates proposed landing above Québec he began to plan an amphibious landing that would cut the enemy's supply lines and force a battle.
A midnight passage of the St Lawrence and a series of fortunate strokes saw his force established on the Plains of Abraham on Sept 13. Montcalm's forces attacked, but the better-trained British force routed the French in a short action. Wolfe himself was mortally wounded but lived long enough to hear of his victory. His reputation in both Britain and Canada survived until this century, when several works questioned the consistently favourable picture hitherto drawn of him.
See also SEVEN YEARS' WAR.
Links to Other Sites
Plains of Abraham
A concise illustrated history of the Plains of Abraham, the Fortifications, and other famous Québec city landmarks. Click on "Battles of 1759 and 1760" (on the right side) for information about related events. From the National Battlefields Commission.
Face to Face: The Canadian Personalities Hall
"Face to Face" features outstanding Canadians whose ideas and contributions have transformed this country. Click on the photos in "Meet the Personalities" to see their biographies. From the Canadian Museum of Civilization.
Glossary: Battle of the Plains of Abraham
A glossary of terminiology related to the siege of Québec and the Battle of the Plains of Abraham. Check this site for more information on this topic. From the Virtual Museum website "1759: From the Warpath to the Plains of Abraham."
Death of General Wolfe
View an image of James Barry’s painting "Death of General Wolfe," on the Plains of Abraham near Québec City. From the New Brunswick Museum.
Wolfe of Quebec
View a brief video clip about a portrait miniature owned and worn by Major General James Wolfe (1727-1759) from the National Army Museum in the UK.
Shawnadithit grew anxious waiting for her uncle, Longnon, to return to camp at the junction of Badger Brook and the Exploits River, deep in the wilds of Newfoundland...