Hawkesbury, Ont, incorporated as a town in 1896, population 10 551 (2011c), 10 869 (2006c). The Town of Hawkesbury is located on the OTTAWA RIVER
, 95 km east of Ottawa. Founded in 1798, the town was eventually named for Charles Jenkinson, Baron Hawkesbury. Thomas Mears built the first gristmills and sawmills, and the Union
, the Ottawa R's first steamer. Demand for timber during the Napoleonic Wars created a boom.
Timber and pulp-and-paper industries have been supplanted by textiles, synthetic fibres, metal extrusions, steel, glass and plastics. Hawkesbury has also become the business and service centre of the county of Prescott-Russell.
The Grenville Canal on the Québec side of the Ottawa R opposite Hawkesbury is an important link in the river's transportation system. The only interprovincial bridge between Ottawa and Montréal is located here. Part of Hawkesbury was submerged by a Hydro-Québec dam built 1950-62.