Laliberté, who was attracted to the busker's lifestyle from a young age, probably owes something of his sense of fun and love of crowds to the family gatherings of his childhood. Both his parents loved to entertain. Like most street performers before him, Laliberté's skills were largely self-taught. In 1978 he travelled to Paris and acquired the basics of fire-breathing. In 1979 he began stilt-walking alongside Gilles Ste-Croix while the 2 were organizing activities for the Baie-Saint-Paul youth hostel (in the Charlevoix region of Québec).
Laliberté spent 3 winters (1979-81) working in Hawaii, where the thought of organizing large-scale festive events first occurred to him. The Cirque's "sun" symbol, according to Laliberté, owes much to the inspirational Hawaiian sun. In the summer of 1980 he joined Ste-Croix's stilt-walking theatre company Les Échassiers de Baie-Saint-Paul (The Stilt Walkers of Baie-Saint-Paul). The following year, Ste-Croix and Laliberté, along with stilt-walkers Serge Roy, Josée Bélanger and Carmen Ruest, founded the non-profit Club des talons hauts (High Heels Club) to promote stilt-walking events.
In 1982 Laliberté organized (with the help of Ste-Croix, Robert Lagueux and Hélène Dufresne) his first major event, La Fête foraine de Baie-Saint-Paul (The Baie-Saint-Paul Street Fair), which attracted street performers from across Canada and the US. The fair, which was presented for 3 successive years, usually ended with a large-scale show gathering all the best acts together on one stage. These final shows were so popular and spectacular that the idea of a touring "circus without animals" arose.
In 1984 Laliberté, with financial help from the government of Québec, founded Cirque du Soleil. It toured Québec, and its big top had a capacity of 800 seats. The following year the tour included stops in Ottawa, Toronto and Niagara Falls. In 1986, the Cirque produced a new show, La Magie continue/We Reinvent the Circus (1987), which toured Canada, the US and Europe. When it finally closed in 1990, the big top's capacity was 2500 seats. Two years later, the Cirque would be running simultaneous shows on 3 continents.
Laliberté and his principal collaborators, Gilles Ste-Croix and Daniel Gauthier, guided the Cirque's phenomenal development and assembled the creative team (composed of director Franco Dragone, choreographer Debra Brown, costume designer Dominique Lemieux, composers René Dupéré and Benoit Jutras, as well as set and lighting designers Michel Crète and Luc Lafortune) that defined its singular style and aesthetic. Laliberté also established permanent Cirque productions in Las Vegas (Mystère in 1993 and O in 1998) and Orlando (La Nouba in 1998). Although Cirque du Soleil's international headquarters and studios remain in Montréal, Laliberté and his team also set up regional headquarters in Amsterdam (1994), Las Vegas (1997) and Singapore (1998).
In 1997 Laliberté received the Order of Québec and in 2000 his brainchild, the Cirque du Soleil, was awarded the Governor General's National Arts Centre award.
Films have been made about the Cirque du Soleil include Jean-Philippe Duval, L'Odyssée Baroque (Societé Radio Canada/Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, 1994) and Nathalie Petrowski, Un Cirque en Amérique: La rancon de la gloire (ONF/NFB, 1988).
Author STÉPHANE ZAROV
Links to Other Sites
Cirque du Soleil
The website for the phenomenal Cirque du Soleil. Features colourful video clips, music, and backstage anecdotes about the world famous circus troupe.