Simonds, Guy Granville
Guy Granville Simonds, army officer (b at Bury St Edmunds, Eng 23 Apr 1903; d at Toronto 15 May 1974). Much favoured by Field Marshal Montgomery for his ruthlessness and offensive spirit, Simonds commanded the 1st Canadian Infantry Div and 5th Canadian Armoured Div in Italy before taking over the 2nd Canadian Corps in NW Europe in 1944. Credited with developing armoured personnel-carrier tactics during the NORMANDY INVASION
, he also commanded the First Canadian Army while General CRERAR
was ill, leading it through the Scheldt battle (Oct-Nov 1944). Chief instructor at Britain's Imperial Defence College 1946-49 (a signal honour for a Canadian), Simonds was later commandant of Canada's National Defence College (1949-51) and chief of the general staff (1951-55). He advocated peacetime conscription and close ties with Britain, criticizing the government for seeking a closer military relationship with the US.
General Guy Simonds taking the salute of the 2nd Canadian Corps at Meppen, Germany, 31 May 1945 (photo by Charles Richer, courtesy Library and Archives Canada/PA-159557).
Dominick Graham, The Price of Command: A Biography of General Guy Simonds (1993).
Links to Other Sites
Lieutenant-General Guy G. Simonds
A biography of Second World War Canadian Army officer Lieutenant-General Guy G. Simonds. From junobeach.org.
The Memory Project: Guy Granville Simonds
Listen to an interview with a Canadian veteran about his wartime military service. Also includes a reference to General Simonds. Check out related digitized artefacts and memorabilia. From the Historica-Dominion Institute.