The construction of the pulp and paper mill, supplied with power from the falls, on the route of the transinsular railway, and with access to the seaport of BOTWOOD (35 km northeast), was completed 1909, as was the first phase of the well-planned town, which continued to be company-built and administered until 1961. It then incorporated as a municipality. The mill was acquired in 1961 by Price Brothers, which later became a division of Abitibi-Price (now Abitibi-Bowater); it remained one of the town's largest employers before shutting down in 2009.
When the pulp and paper mill was constructed in Grand Falls, a new settlement called Grand Falls Station grew up parallel to the railway. In contrast to Grand Falls, Grand Falls Station, renamed Windsor (possibly for the royal house of Windsor), grew without benefit of planning and services. In 1938 it was the second municipality in Newfoundland, after ST JOHN'S, to be incorporated. Municipal and community facilities followed, remedying some of the town's problems caused by rapid settlement and growth.
Today, Grand Falls-Windsor is central Newfoundland's major service and distribution centre with considerable mining and aquaculture activity in the region. Tourism is also gaining importance with attractions such as 2 provincial museums: Mary March (see DEMASDUWIT) and Loggers' Life. The Exploits River is known for ATLANTIC SALMON, which can be viewed at the Grand Falls Fishway and Salmonid Interpretation Centre. The Exploits Valley Salmon Festival is a 5-day celebration held in honour of the migrating salmon.
Author JANET E.M. PITT AND ROBERT D. PITT
Links to Other Sites
The official website for the Municipality of Grand Falls-Windsor.
Gordon Pinsent Centre for the Arts
See a history of the Gordon Pinsent Centre for the Arts located in Grand Falls-Windsor.
Salmonid Interpretation Center
The website for the Salmonid Interpretation Center, located at the Grand Falls Fishway. Their site features a history of local salmon population management programs.
Atlantic Provinces Chambers of Commerce
The website for the Atlantic Provinces Chambers of Commerce (APCC), formerly the Maritime Board of Trade. Formed in 1896, this organization promotes and supports business and economic development in Atlantic Canada. Click on "Chambers" for links to local Chambers of Commerce.