Although initially he possessed an exalted view of his powers, this polished, articulate diplomat displayed great tact and judgement during the PACIFIC SCANDAL that forced John A. MACDONALD to resign and brought Alexander MACKENZIE in as prime minister. Dufferin's attempts to reconcile British Columbia to CONFEDERATION annoyed the Mackenzie government. He supported the Supreme Court of Canada Bill, however, and his amnesty to those in the RED RIVER REBELLION saved the government considerable embarrassment.
The first governor general to make the QUÉBEC CITADEL a vice-regal residence, Dufferin persuaded the city fathers to save the old French walls from destruction: Dufferin Terrace was named in his honour. After leaving Canada Dufferin was British ambassador to Russia, Turkey, Italy and France.
Author CARMAN MILLER
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