Fort Edmonton was established on the Northern Saskatchewan River in 1795 by the HUDSON'S BAY CO
as a fortified trading post next to the rival NORTH WEST CO
, which had earlier built its own fort nearby. After the amalgamation of the 2 companies in 1821, Fort Edmonton emerged as the leading centre of the Saskatchewan district fur trade. The fort was rebuilt on higher ground in 1830 - after severe flooding - near the present-day Alberta legislature building. From 1826 to 1853 the fort thrived under the management of the colourful John ROWAND
and has been painted for posterity by Paul KANE
(1846). After the Hudson's Bay Company surrendered RUPERT'S LAND
(1869-70), the fort gradually fell into decline and was dismantled in 1915. Today Fort Edmonton Park, located in southwest Edmonton, features a reconstruction of the fort and, as a living museum, depicts the early development of Edmonton. The park is operated by the City of Edmonton and enjoys a yearly visitation of approximately 170 000.
Fort Edmonton Historic Site
Fort Edmonton Historic Site. The reconstruction is located upriver from the original location (courtesy Economic Development Edmonton).
Fort Edmonton in the furtrade days, by Paul Kane (courtesy ROM).
Links to Other Sites
Fort Edmonton Park
A brief history of Fort Edmonton Park from AlbertaSource.ca
The Canadian Register of Historic Places
Canada is home to a vast array of fascinating historical sites. Many of them are illustrated and described in this searchable online database of Canadian historic places that are of local, provincial, territorial, and national significance.
Explore the video clips and images of historic Fort Edmonton Park, North America’s largest interactive historic park. From the City of Edmonton website.
A brief history of fur trade activity in the Edmonton region of Alberta. From the River Valley Alliance.