The Library and Archives Canada Music Collection
The National Library of Canada established a Music Division in 1970 to acquire and manage music collections including printed material, archival fonds, sound recordings, and video recordings. With the establishment of Library and Archives Canada in 2004 a new Music Section was set up, focusing on acquisition, cataloguing and description.
Library and Archives Canada's collection of musical Canadiana is the largest in existence. Most of the items in the collection are Canadian in content or by association. Among the first components of the collection were the library of the British lexicographer Percy A. Scholes, Canadian sheet music from Confederation onwards, Canadian and foreign music scores transferred from the Library of Parliament, a record collection compiled by Edward Moogk as a Centennial project, and the archive of Healey Willan, acquired in 1969. Further growth came following the enactment of regulations requiring publishers to deposit at LAC copies of printed music and musical literature (1951); sound recordings (1969); multimedia kits (1978); video recordings (1993); CD-ROMs (1995); and electronic publications including web sites and material available for download (2007); and through the acquisition of the papers and libraries of many Canadian musicians and music organizations.
To encourage and assist research in Canadian music, extensive information files and concert program, poster and photo collections were established, and numerous indexes documenting musicians and musical activity in Canada were created. Prominent among these is the Canadian Music Periodical Index (CMPI), a searchable database of over 36,000 entries from 625 Canadian music journals; CMPI became available online in 1996.
Extensive non-Canadian holdings exist only in the printed collection, comprising music books, periodicals and scores. Other non-Canadian items include the Scholes collection; sound recordings beginning from 1889, including possibly the largest collection held anywhere of early Emile Berliner recordings; the Rossinger Collection of world music recordings; the Paul Voigt Collection of recordings made in Eastern Europe for Edison-Bell in the 1920s; and letters and other autograph materials by Beethoven, Brahms, Debussy, Marcel Dupré, Elgar, Éva Gauthier, Gershwin, Gounod, Hindemith, Joseph Joachim, Liszt, Nikolai Medtner, Milhaud, Poulenc, Rachmaninoff, Ravel, Dane Rudhyar, Clara Schumann, Scriabin, Stravinsky, Varèse, and Vaughan Williams.
Beginning in the mid-1990s, the National Library undertook significant initiatives to digitize many of its music holdings. In addition to CMPI, the institution's music websites include the Virtual Gramophone, Sheet Music from Canada's Past, Disc-o-logue, RPM, Guide to Music Archives, The Glenn Gould Archives, and finding aids.
Music Resources in Canadian Collections (Research Collections in Canadian Libraries, No. 7) / Ressources musicales de bibliothèques canadiennes (Collections de recherche des bibliothèques canadiennes, No. 7) Ottawa 1981.
Bryant, Giles. Healey Willan Catalogue (Ottawa 1972, supplement 1982)
Moogk, Edward B. Roll Back the Years / En remontant les années (Ottawa 1975)
Calderisi, Maria. Music Publishing in the Canadas: 1800-1867 / L'Édition musicale au Canada: 1800-1867 (Ottawa 1981)
Willis, Stephen. Alexis Contant Catalogue (Ottawa 1982)
Pincoe, Ruth, and Willis, Stephen. Glenn Gould Catalogue (Ottawa 1992)
Nevins, Maureen. Sir Ernest MacMillan (1893-1973): Portrait of a Canadian Musician = Portrait d'un musicien canadien (Ottawa 1994)
Barriault, Jeannine, and Jean, Stéphane. Catalogue of the Archival fonds and Collections of the Music Division / Catalogue des fonds et collections d'archives de la Division de la musique (Ottawa 1994)
Publications since 1994 are on-line and are listed on Library and Archives Canada's website.
See also: Library and Archives Canada
Edward Johnson, Tenor. Great Voices of Canada / Les Grandes voix du Canada Vol.2. 1993. Analekta AN 2 7802
Raoul Jobin, Tenor, Live. Great Voices of Canada / Les Grandes voix du Canada Vol. 3. 1993. Analekta AN 2 7803
Sing Christmas. Great Voices of Canada / Les Grandes voix du Canada Vol. 4. 1994. Analekta AN 2 7805
Sing Christmas. Great Voices of Canada / Les Grandes voix du Canada Vol.5. 1994. Analekta AN 2 7806
Sir Ernest MacMillan: Portrait of a Canadian Musician. 1994. Analekta AN 27804
Author Helmut Kallmann; Florence Hayes; Richard Green
Kallmann, Helmut. 'The Percy Scholes Collection: Nucleus for a National Music Library,' Canadian Music Journal, vol 2, Spring 1958
Lamb, W. Kaye. 'Canadian library of recorded sound,' Canadian Music Library Association Newsletter, May 1969
Kallmann, Helmut. 'The Music Division of the National Library: The first five years,' Canada Music Book, 10, Spring-Summer 1975
Potvin, Gilles. 'Pour musicologues et chercheurs,' Montreal Le Devoir, 10 Jan 1976
Wees, Ian. The National Library of Canada: Twenty-five Years After/La Bibliothèque nationale du Canada: vingt-cinq ans après (Ottawa 1978)
Kallmann, Helmut. 'The music collection of the National Library of Canada,' Fontes artis musicae, vol 34, Oct-Dec 1987
Calderisi, Maria. "An unsung treasure at the National Library of Canada: The Percy A. Scholes Collection," Fontes artis musicae, vol 41, Jan-Mar 1994
Maloney, S. Timothy. "Canada's musical heritage and the World Wide Web: The NLC Music Division at 30," CAML Review, vol 29, April 2001
Reports on the Music Division appear in Musicanada in several issues beginning with no. 30, November 1976.
Links to Other Sites
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Library and Archives Canada
The website for Library and Archives Canada. Offers searchable online collections of textual documents, photographs, audio recordings, and other digitized resources. Also includes virtual exhibits about Canadian history and culture, and research aids that assist in locating material in the physical collections.
Glenn Gould Archive
An online collection of archival material about celebrated musician Glenn Gould. Includes audio clips of interviews, discussions, photos, writings, and more. From Library and Archives Canada.
Disc-O-Logue is an online catalogue of French-language popular music recordings available in Canada published between 1962 and 1979. From Library and Archives Canada.
The Virtual Gramophone
An extensive multimedia database that covers the history of recorded music in Canada. Search the site for musician biographies and notes about the early years of sound recording, online audio clips of recordings, podcasts on specific themes, videos, and more. From Library and Archives Canada.
A profile of Roch Carrier, esteemed author, teacher, and former national librarian of Canada. From athabascau.ca.
Music Archives at the National Library of Canada: A Guide (1994, 2003)
The extensive Music Archives website features brief bios of prominent personalities in the Canadian music industry and a summary of related archival material. From Library and Archives Canada.
Sheet music from Canada's past
A very extensive collection of digitalized copies of sheet music published before Confederation and during the First World War. Includes patriotic and parlour songs, piano pieces, sacred music, novelty numbers, and more. Also, check out the sheet music covers that appear in the Gallery section. From Library and Archives Canada.
Canadian Music Periodical Index
An index of article titles from Canadian music periodicals. Full text articles can be obtained through interlibrary loans at local libraries in Canada. From Library and Archives Canada.
With this online collection of digitized charts from RPM, visitors can check out the rankings of their favourite tunes of yesteryear. From Library and Archives Canada.
Canadian Association of Music Libraries, Archives, and Documentation
CAML is dedicated to the collection, preservation and study of music, particularly music in Canada. Check out the "CAML Review" for many full text reviews of books and recordings from the Canadian music scene.
Canadian Library Association
The website for the Canadian Library Association. Check out the CLA Digest for the latest news in Canada's library and information sciences sector.
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